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Macroeconomic determinants of interest rate spreads in Ghana

Author

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  • Samuel Kwabena Obeng
  • Daniel Sakyi

Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine macroeconomic determinants of interest rate spreads in Ghana for the period 1980-2013. Design/methodology/approach - The autoregressive distributed lag bounds test approach to cointegration and the error correction model were used for the estimation. Findings - The results indicate that exchange rate volatility, fiscal deficit, economic growth, and public sector borrowing from commercial banks, increase interest rate spreads in Ghana in both the long and short run. Institutional quality reduces interest rate spreads in the long run while lending interest rate volatility and monetary policy rate reduce interest rate spreads in the short run. Research limitations/implications - The depreciation of the Ghana cedi must be controlled since its volatility increases spreads. There is a need for fiscal discipline since fiscal deficits increase interest rate spreads. Government must reduce its domestic borrowing because the associated crowding-out effect increases interest rate spreads. The central bank must improve its monitoring and regulation of the financial sector in order to reduce spreads. Originality/value - The main novelty of the paper (compared to other studies on Ghana) lies on the one hand; analysing macroeconomic determinants of interest rate spreads and, on the other hand, controlling for the impact of institutional quality on interest rate spreads in Ghana.

Suggested Citation

  • Samuel Kwabena Obeng & Daniel Sakyi, 2017. "Macroeconomic determinants of interest rate spreads in Ghana," African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 8(1), pages 76-88, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:ajempp:ajems-12-2015-0143
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    Cited by:

    1. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2020. "The Mobile Phone, Information Sharing, and Financial Sector Development in Africa: a Quantile Regression Approach," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 11(3), pages 1234-1269, September.
    2. Asongu, Simplice & Nting, Rexon, 2020. "The Comparative Economics of Financial Access in Gender Economic Inclusion," MPRA Paper 107515, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Asongu, Simplice & Folarin, Oludele & Biekpe, Nicholas, 2019. "The Stability of Demand for Money in the Proposed Southern African Monetary Union," MPRA Paper 101092, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2018. "ICT, Financial Access and Gender Inclusion in the Formal Economic Sector: Evidence from Africa," The African Finance Journal, Africagrowth Institute, vol. 20(2), pages 45-65.
    5. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2018. "Information asymmetry, financialization, and financial access," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(3), pages 297-315, December.
    6. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2020. "Finance, Governance and Inclusive Education in Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers 20/037, European Xtramile Centre of African Studies (EXCAS).
    7. Simplice A. Asongu, 2019. "Financial Access and Productivity Dynamics in Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers 19/052, European Xtramile Centre of African Studies (EXCAS).
    8. Meniago, Christelle & Asongu, Simplice A., 2018. "Revisiting the finance-inequality nexus in a panel of African countries," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 399-419.
    9. Simplice A. Asongu & Jules R. Minkoua N., 2018. "Dynamic openness and finance in Africa," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(4), pages 409-430, May.
    10. Asongu, Simplice A. & Folarin, Oludele E. & Biekpe, Nicholas, 2019. "The long run stability of money demand in the proposed West African monetary union," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 483-495.
    11. Asongu, Simplice A. & Nnanna, Joseph & Acha-Anyi, Paul N., 2020. "Finance, inequality and inclusive education in Sub-Saharan Africa," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 162-177.
    12. Asongu, Simplice A. & Nnanna, Joseph & Acha-Anyi, Paul N., 2020. "Inequality and gender economic inclusion: The moderating role of financial access in Sub-Saharan Africa," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 173-185.
    13. Simplice A. Asongu & Joseph Nnanna & Paul N. Acha-Anyi, 2020. "Inclusive Education for Inclusive Economic Participation: the Financial Access Channel," Research Africa Network Working Papers 20/019, Research Africa Network (RAN).
    14. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2019. "Size, efficiency, market power, and economies of scale in the African banking sector," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 5(1), pages 1-22, December.
    15. Simplice Asongu & Jacinta Nwachukwu, 2018. "Bank size, information sharing and financial access in Africa," International Journal of Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 14(2), pages 188-209, April.
    16. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2019. "Testing the Quiet Life Hypothesis in the African Banking Industry," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 69-82, March.
    17. Simplice A. Asongu & Paul N. Acha-Anyi, 2017. "ICT, conflicts in financial intermediation and financial access: evidence of synergy and threshold effects," Netnomics, Springer, vol. 18(2), pages 131-168, December.
    18. Simplice Asongu & Rexon Nting & Joseph Nnanna, 2020. "Market power and cost efficiency in the African banking industry," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 47(6), pages 1247-1264, May.
    19. Özer Depren & Mustafa Tevfik Kartal & Serpil Kılıç Depren, 2021. "Recent innovation in benchmark rates (BMR): evidence from influential factors on Turkish Lira Overnight Reference Interest Rate with machine learning algorithms," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 7(1), pages 1-20, December.
    20. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2022. "Financial Access and Value Added in Sub-Saharan Africa: Empirical Evidence from the Agricultural, Manufacturing and Service Sectors," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 22/009, African Governance and Development Institute..
    21. DerviÅŸ Kirikkaleli & Mustafa Tevfik Kartal & Tomiwa Sunday Adebayo, 2022. "Time And Frequency Dependency Of Foreign Exchange Rates And Country Risk:Evidence From Turkey," Bulletin of Monetary Economics and Banking, Bank Indonesia, vol. 25(1), pages 37-54.

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