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Negotiated Contracts Can Be Inefficient


  • Milan Horniaček


The paper analyzes negotiation about contracts between the buyer and the seller. A contract specifies the quantity delivered by the seller and the buyer's payment for each period within its time horizon. In each period without a valid contract any party can withdraw from negotiation forever. Any strictly individually rational payoff vector obtainable from single period trade can be equilibrium payoff vector in some subgame perfect equilibrium if discount factor is close enough to one. Every sub game perfect equilibrium, in which neither party's strategy depends on past rejected proposals, is dynamically weakly Pareto efficient.

Suggested Citation

  • Milan Horniaček, 2004. "Negotiated Contracts Can Be Inefficient," Bulletin of the Czech Econometric Society, The Czech Econometric Society, vol. 11(20).
  • Handle: RePEc:czx:journl:v:11:y:2004:i:20:id:134

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dirk Tasche, 2004. "The single risk factor approach to capital charges in case of correlated loss given default rates," Papers cond-mat/0402390,, revised Feb 2004.
    2. Konstantin Belyaev & Aelita Belyaeva & Tomas Konecny & Jakub Seidler & Martin Vojtek, 2012. "Macroeconomic Factors as Drivers of LGD Prediction: Empirical Evidence from the Czech Republic," Working Papers 2012/12, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    3. Acharya, Viral V. & Bharath, Sreedhar T. & Srinivasan, Anand, 2007. "Does industry-wide distress affect defaulted firms? Evidence from creditor recoveries," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(3), pages 787-821, September.
    4. Jiri Witzany, 2011. "A Two Factor Model for PD and LGD Correlation," Bulletin of the Czech Econometric Society, The Czech Econometric Society, vol. 18(28).
    5. Jon Frye, 2000. "Depressing recoveries," Emerging Issues, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Oct.
    6. Stefano Caselli & Stefano Gatti & Francesca Querci, 2008. "The Sensitivity of the Loss Given Default Rate to Systematic Risk: New Empirical Evidence on Bank Loans," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 34(1), pages 1-34, August.
    7. Seidler, Jakub & Horvath, Roman & Jakubík, Petr, 2009. "Estimating expected loss given default in an emerging market: the case of Czech Republic," Journal of Financial Transformation, Capco Institute, vol. 27, pages 103-107.
    8. De Graeve, F. & Kick, T. & Koetter, M., 2008. "Monetary policy and financial (in)stability: An integrated micro-macro approach," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 205-231, September.
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    More about this item


    contract; negotiation; Markov strategy; Pareto efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • C78 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Bargaining Theory; Matching Theory
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation


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