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Exclusión económica y violencia en Colombia, 1990-2008: una revisión de la literatura

  • Valencia Agudelo, Germán Darío


  • Cuartas Celis, Deiman


Resumen: El artículo hace una revisión de la literatura que se ha producido en Colombia en las últimas dos décadas sobre la relación entre exclusión económica y la violencia. Muestra como a partir de 1995, con el trabajo de Malcom Deas y Fernando Gaitán, los análisis sobre la violencia se ha dividido en dos grupos: los que argumentan que ésta es causada por factores subjetivos (individuos racionales que usan la violencia como mecanismo para lograr beneficio y poder) y los que ponen el énfasis en las condiciones objetivas (señalan a la desigualdad, la pobreza y las debilidades del Estado para responder a las demandas sociales, entre otros, como causantes de la violencia). El artículo se sitúa en esta última perspectiva; aunque propone que para tener una visión más comprensiva y cercana a la realidad, que dé soluciones efectivas a la violencia en Colombia, se deben considerar ambas perspectivas.

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Volume (Year): (2009)
Issue (Month): ()

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Handle: RePEc:col:000165:008083
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