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The Determinants of Banks' Liquidity Buffers in Central America

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Listed:
  • Corinne Deléchat
  • Camila Henao
  • Priscilla Muthoora
  • Svetlana Vtyurina

Abstract

Banks’ liquidity holdings are comfortably above legal or prudential requirements in most Central American countries. While good for financial stability, high liquidity may nonetheless hinder financial market development and monetary policy transmission. Using a panel of 96 commercial banks from Central America, Panama and the Dominican Republic for 2006-2010, we find that the demand for precautionary liquidity buffers is associated with measures of bank’s size, profitability, capitalization, and financial development. Higher liquidity is also associated with deposit dollarization, reinforcing the monetary policy and market development challenges in highly dollarized economies. This is one of the first empirical studies to investigate the relation between degrees of dollarization and bank liquidity holdings. Its findings suggest that improvements in supervision and measures to promote dedollarization, including developing local currency capital markets, would help enhance financial systems’ efficiency and promote intermediation in the region.

Suggested Citation

  • Corinne Deléchat & Camila Henao & Priscilla Muthoora & Svetlana Vtyurina, 2014. "The Determinants of Banks' Liquidity Buffers in Central America," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(1), pages 83-129, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:cml:moneta:v:ii:y:2014:i:1:p:83-129
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    Cited by:

    1. Primus, Keyra, 2017. "Excess reserves, monetary policy and financial volatility," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 153-168.
    2. Gombola, Michael J. & Ho, Amy Yueh-Fang & Huang, Chin-Chuan, 2016. "The effect of leverage and liquidity on earnings and capital management: Evidence from U.S. commercial banks," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 35-58.
    3. Karolina Patora, 2016. "What drives the liquidity position of foreign-owned banks? The case of Poland," Journal of Applied Finance & Banking, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 6(6), pages 1-1.
    4. AIBA, Daiju, 2016. "Financial Dollarization: Evidence from a Survey on Branches of Cambodian Financial Institutions," Discussion Papers 2016-09, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Central America; bank liquidity; credit; dollarization; foreign banks;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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