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Le chômage des jeunes en France : un état des lieux

  • Catherine Bruno
  • Sandrine Cazes

[eng] Over the last twenty years, youth unemployment has become a major issue of the French labour market situation. It explains the increasing public intervention in the labour market targeted to the youths. This article tries to shed some light on two main aspects of the youth labour market situation : the impact of the minimum wage on the youth (un)employment and the adequacy of the qualification acquired at school to the needs of firms. It compares also their situation to the adults' one. Overall, we have not found sharp specificities of youth unemployment compared to the adult one : more precisely, the economic activity is one of the most important determinants of both youth and adult unemployment. Moreover, our results suggest no evidence on the effect of the minimum wage on youth unemployment over the period. Finally, education problems (skill mismatch, training unrelated to subsequent employment, etc.) are emphasized by jobs shortage, so that the least qualified youths are « queuing for jobs » at the bottom of the file. [fre] En France, au cours des vingt dernières années, la lutte contre le chômage des jeunes est devenue un des objectifs prioritaires de tous les gouvernements. En effet, le taux de chômage des jeunes est rarement passé en dessous de 20 % depuis 1983. Cependant, cette situation n'est pas spécifiquement française ; l'Italie et l'Espagne connaissent, eux aussi, un taux de chômage des jeunes élevé. La persistance d'un taux de chômage des jeunes élevé en France est d'autant plus étonnante que les facteurs démographiques et Г allongement de la scolarité auraient dû contribuer à faciliter l'insertion des jeunes actifs sur le marché du travail. Le chômage semble être alors un passage obligé pour les jeunes dans un contexte économique défavorable. Face à ces problèmes, le débat sur le chômage des jeunes a porté sur le coût de travail et l'adéquation des formations aux emplois. L'examen de ces deux points se fait avec l'aide des données issues de l'en

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): n° 62 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 75-107

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_p1997_62n1_0075
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