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Caractéristiques individuelles, marchés du travail locaux et chômage en Pologne et en Bulgarie : l'apport des micro-données

  • Sandrine Cazes
  • Stéfano Scarpetta

[eng] Individual characteristics, local lbaour markets, and unemployment in Bulgaria and Poland : lessons from micro-data Sandrine Cazes et Stefano Scarpetta Unemployment has a clear geographical dimension in central and eastern European countries. While unemployment rates are still well below 10 per cent in most capital cities and other major urban areas, they often exceed 20 per cent in rural areas and heavily industrialised sites. In these two areas, the unemployment pool is often dominated by persons who have been without work for prolonged periods and run the risk of leaving the labour market altogether instead of being re-integrated into work. Who are the unemployed in different regional contexts ? How labour market reforms introduced in most central and eastern European countries have affected unemployment flows ? This paper sheds some light on these issues by analysing individual records of people registered at the labour offices of two Polish regions and two Bulgarian regions. We considered different cohorts of individuals registering as unemployed in the last quarter of each year from 1990 to 1993. The analysis of unemployment inflows and outflows and the duration of the spells suggests a rather selective process of hirings and firings across regions and over time. Overall, unskilled or poorly educated workers have the highest probability of becoming unemployed and remai- ning without a job for a long period of time. In the two capitals (Warsaw and Sofia) women seem to be particularly affected by unemployment, while the limited number of job opportunities available in rural areas (Ciechanow, Poland) or in heavily industrialised sites (Botevgrad, Bulgaria) makes it very difficult for young new entrants into the labour market to find a job. Individual characteristics also play an important role in deter- mining the duration of the unemployment spell and, to some extent, the destination of the exit from unemployment (i.e. employment or inactivity). Women and

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): n° 54 (1995)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 105-145

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_p1995_54n1_0105
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