IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Le Grand marché et le commerce extérieur

  • Jean-François Loué
  • Patrick Messerlin

[eng] The Single Market and the External Trade From the Treaty of Rome to the Single Market, the Community's trade policy has been one of transforming a closed commercial space into a single market where goods and services are freely mobile. However, the construction of Europe has not represented in every area a large movement toward free trade: as it sought other objectives, especially social and industrial ones, the Community has also been led to protect its markets. In order to measure the distance covered, this article starts with a description of the situation at the beginning of the sixties, illustrating in particular the partition of the markets linked to the protection of colonial relations, and then recalls the main stages of the construction of the Big- Market, the trade policy of the Community toward outside countries, and its position in the main international negotiations. Undoubtedly, the construction of Europe has contributed to the development of the intra-community trade. However, this occured partly to the detriment of other countries: between 1965 and 1990, the increase in imports of the twelve European countries, considered as a single country, has been very moderate relatively to their income, not in keeping to the opening of the American economy. Describing the policy in a few sectors seems to be a good way to explain the main protection mechanisms: these are generally poorly efficient, often with perverse effects. If the Community works to suppress barriers inside its own market, it also uses them in turn, against outside producers, as most countries often do. [fre] De la signature du traité de Rome au Grand marché, la politique commerciale de la Communauté s'est donné pour ambition de transformer un espace commercial cloisonné en un marché unique où s 'appliquerait sans restriction la libre circulation des biens et des services, ce qui a entraîné la constitution d'une politique commerciale commune. Toutefois, la construction européenne n'a pa

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: free

File URL:
Download Restriction: free

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): n° 43 (1993)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 243-272

in new window

Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_p1993_43n1_0243
Contact details of provider: Web page:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_p1993_43n1_0243. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.