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Les enjeux de l'Europe

  • Jean-Paul Fitoussi
  • Pierre-Alain Muet

En éliminant l'incertitude de change et en achevant l'unification du marché européen, la monnaie unique est une étape importante dans un processus qui conduit inévitablement les modes de régulation économique à passer des états nation du dix-neuvième siècle aux états continents. Mais sur le chemin escarpé qui conduit à la monnaie unique, les contraintes deviennent plus précises et limitent d'autant les marges de manœuvre déjà faibles des politiques nationales. Les graves événements qui ont récemment perturbé le SME montrent que l'Europe est en avance d'un discours et en retard d'une action : les mots — acte unique, Union économique et monétaire, coordination, solidarité — et leschoses — financement de la réunification, détermination des taux d'intérêt — se sont mis à diverger. Pour éviter que la croissance des uns se fasse au dépens de celle des autres, il faut retrouver un ancrage nominal : d'abord reconstituer le SME, puis maîtriser les taux de change entre les grandes monnaies, ECU, dollar et yen pour qu'une logique de croissance se substitue à une logique de part de marché.

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): n° 43 (1993)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 7-20

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_p1993_43n1_0007
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