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Commerce et IDE dans un cadre de régionalisation. Le cas du Mercosur

  • Soledad Zignago
  • Marta Castilho

[fre] Depuis le début de la décennie, les pays du Mercosur ont connu une forte croissance des échanges et des investissements directs étrangers (IDE). Nous examinons les liens entre les IDE, le commerce et l'intégration régionale dans le cadre de la formation du Mercosur, à l'aide d'équations gravitationnelles. Nos estimations prennent en considération le processus d'intégration régionale et portent sur les flux d'échanges et d'IDE entre les pays du Mercosur et ceux de l'OCDE sur la période 1985-1997. Nos résultats indiquent une relation clairement positive entre les IDE et les échanges. Ils ne sont toutefois pas concluants en ce qui concerne l'influence de l'intégration régionale comme facteur explicatif de la croissance des IDE. [eng] Trade, FDI and regional integration in the Mercosur. . In the 90's, the Mercosur countries experienced a strong growth of trade and foreign direct investment (FDI). To examine the relationship between FDI, trade and regional integration in the Mercosur, we test two gravitational equations on trade and FDI flows between Mercosur and OECD members during the period 1985-1997, which take into account the regional integration agreement. Our results show a positive link between FDI and trade flows but are mitigated on the impact of the economic integration on FDI.

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): n° 51 (2000)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 761-774

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_p2000_51n3_0761
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  1. Magnus Blomstrom & Ari Kokko, 1997. "Regional Integration and Foreign Direct Investment," NBER Working Papers 6019, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Motta, Massimo & Norman, George, 1996. "Does Economic Integration Cause Foreign Direct Investment?," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 37(4), pages 757-83, November.
  3. María Inés Terra & Adriana Gigliotti, 1994. "Mercosur: localización de la producción. Un modelo de geografía económica," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0794, Department of Economics - dECON.
  4. Norman, George & Motta, Massimo, 1993. "Eastern European Economic Integration and Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(4), pages 483-507, Winter.
  5. María Inés Terra & Marcel Vaillant, 1998. "Política comercial y política de infraestructura: un ejercicio de simulación de los impactos regionales en el MERCOSUR," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0797, Department of Economics - dECON.
  6. Antoine Bouët, 2000. "La mesure des protections commerciales nationales," Working Papers 2000-15, CEPII research center.
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