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Ouverture et croissance industrielle des villes chinoises

  • Sylvie Démurger

[eng] This study concerns the impact of China's « opening and reform » policies on short-term urban industrial growth. The econometric analysis uses data on 434 Chinese cities throughout the 1988-91 period and tests two types of contributions : a direct one, measured by a simple relation between industrial growth and expla­natory variables and an indirect one, measured by spillover effects at a provincial level. The results highlight the direct role of foreign investment and the indirect role of exports. In terms of balance in regional development, it means that while foreign investment favours a geographically concentrated development, exports tend to reduce this unequal development through diffusion. [fre] Cette étude porte sur l'impact de la politique « d'ouverture et de réforme » de la Chine sur sa croissance industrielle de court terme. L'analyse économétrique utilise une base de données qui décrit les évolutions économiques principales de 434 villes chinoises au cours de la période 1988-1991. Elle met en lumière les rôles distincts de l'investissement étranger et des exportations dans le processus de croissance chinois. Il apparaît en effet que l'investissement étranger contribue aux différences inter-urbaines de croissance tandis que, à l'inverse, les exporta­tions favorisent la diffusion inter-urbaine de cette croissance.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): n° 47 (1996)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 841-850

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_p1996_47n3_0841
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