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Équilibre général appliqué et environnement : de nouveaux comportements pour le consommateur et le producteur

  • Paul Zagamé
  • Olivier Beaumais
  • Katheline Schubert

[fre] Equilibre général appliqué et environnement. De nouveaux comportements pour le consommateur et le producteur. . Cet article expose les spécifications retenues pour un modèle d'équilibre général appliqué à l'environnement. Il met surtout l'accent sur la façon dont les variables environnementales sont introduites. Celles-ci interviennent à la fois dans le comportement du consommateur, un indicateur de dégradation de l'environnement venant modifier son bien-être et ses préférences, et dans le comportement des producteurs, par le biais d'une différenciation secteurs standards/secteurs verts. La description de la structure des prélèvements obligatoires ouvre des perspectives d'analyse de diverses options de taxation à finalité environnementale. [eng] Applied general equilibrium and environment : new behaviours for consumer and producer. . The aim of this paper is to describe the structure of a general equilibrium model applied to environment. It emphasizes the way environmental variables are introduced. Consumer's behaviour is affected by variations in an environmental index which both modifies his utility and his preferences, whereas producer's behaviour is driven by a particular treatment of wastes, and a distinction between green and non-green production. Prior tax distorsions are taken into account, so that the model can address a wide range of questions related to environment, fiscality and marketable permits.

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): n° 45 (1994)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 905-916

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_p1994_45n3_0905
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