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Inadéquation des qualifications et fracture spatiale

Listed author(s):
  • Frédéric Gavrel
  • Nathalie Georges
  • Yannick L’Horty
  • Isabelle Lebon

We use an urban model to describe the local labour market by a search and matching process with heterogeneous workers and jobs. Our aim is to study the incidence of a large spectrum of public policies. Various measures – such as lowering transport costs, intensifying training programmes and densifying housing – can reduce unemployement, shorten its duration and lessen social inequality. But such policies cannot combat urban segregation. On the other hand, developing social housing could diminish spatial inequality but its effects on employment are negative. A policy mix is thus required to reduce unemployment and spatial inequality.

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Article provided by La Documentation Française in its journal Economie & prévision.

Volume (Year): n° 206-207 (2015)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 1-16

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Handle: RePEc:cai:ecoldc:ecop_206_0001a
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  1. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, July.
  2. Wasmer, Etienne & Zenou, Yves, 2006. "Equilibrium search unemployment with explicit spatial frictions," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 143-165, April.
  3. Rogers, Cynthia L., 1997. "Job Search and Unemployment Duration: Implications for the Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 109-132, July.
  4. Sandra Cavaco & Jean-Yves Lesueur, 2002. "Contraintes spatiales et accès à l'emploi : Applications microéconomiques à partir de l'enquête TDE," Post-Print halshs-00178151, HAL.
  5. Fujita,Masahisa, 1991. "Urban Economic Theory," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521396455, November.
  6. Nathalie Georges & Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2015. "Comment réduire la fracture spatiale ? Une application en Île-de-France," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(1), pages 17-37.
  7. Frédéric GARVEL & Isabelle LEBON, 2008. "Salaire minimum, allocations chômage et efficacité du marché du travail," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2008013, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  8. Brueckner, Jan K. & Martin, Richard W., 1997. "Spatial mismatch: An equilibrium analysis," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 693-714, November.
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