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A Multi-country Real Business Cycle Model with Heterogeneous Agents


  • van Wincoop, Eric


A multicountry real business cycle model is developed capturing two important aspects of heterogeneity found in household survey data: only a small fraction of the population holds stock and a significant fraction of nonstockholders are borrowing constrained. The model is applied to data for twenty OECD countries. It generates cross-country consumption correlations consistent with those observed in the data. Potential welfare gains from international portfolio diversification by stockholders are large, leaving the observed 'home bias' as a significant puzzle. The model can also account for the finding in U.S. data that consumption of stockholders is more volatile than that of nonstockholders. Copyright 1996 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

Suggested Citation

  • van Wincoop, Eric, 1996. " A Multi-country Real Business Cycle Model with Heterogeneous Agents," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 98(2), pages 233-251, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:scandj:v:98:y:1996:i:2:p:233-51

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert Moffitt, 1994. "Welfare Effects on Female Headship with Area Effects," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(2), pages 621-636.
    2. Robert F. Schoeni & Rebecca M. Blank, 2000. "What has Welfare Reform Accomplished? Impacts on Welfare Participation, Employment, Income, Poverty, and Family Structure," NBER Working Papers 7627, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Marianne P. Bitler & Jonah B. Gelbach & Hilary W. Hoynes, 2002. "The Impact of Welfare Reform on Living Arrangements," NBER Working Papers 8784, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Diamond, Peter A, 1982. "Aggregate Demand Management in Search Equilibrium," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(5), pages 881-894, October.
    5. Schoeni, R.F. & Blank, R.M., 2000. "What Has Welfare Reform Accomplished? Impacts on Welfare Participation, Employment, Income, Poverty, and Family Structure," Papers 00-02, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
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    Cited by:

    1. Athanasoulis, Stefano G. & van Wincoop, Eric, 2000. "Growth uncertainty and risksharing," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 477-505, June.
    2. van Wincoop, Eric, 1999. "How big are potential welfare gains from international risksharing?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 109-135, February.
    3. Bottazzi, Laura & Pesenti, Paolo & van Wincoop, Eric, 1996. "Wages, profits and the international portfolio puzzle," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 219-254, February.
    4. Lee, Khang Min & Moyen, Nathalie, 2006. "Optimal liberalization of financial markets," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(8), pages 1319-1335, December.
    5. Gao, Xiaodan & Hnatkovska, Viktoria & Marmer, Vadim, 2014. "Limited participation in international business cycle models: A formal evaluation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 255-272.
    6. Eva de Francisco, 2005. "Limited Participation, Income Distribution and Capital-Account Liberalization: Working Paper 2005-02," Working Papers 16302, Congressional Budget Office.
    7. Paolo Pesenti & Eric van Wincoop, 1996. "Do Nontraded Goods Explain the Home Bias Puzzle?," NBER Working Papers 5784, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Bacchetta, Philippe & van Wincoop, Eric, 2000. "Trade in nominal assets and net international capital flows," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 55-72, February.
    9. Eva de Francisco, 2005. "Limited Participation, Income Distribution and Capital Account Liberalization," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 454, Society for Computational Economics.
    10. Stefano Athanasoulis & Robert J. Shiller & Eric Van Wincoop, 1999. "Macro markets and financial security," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Apr, pages 21-39.

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