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Taxation, Pensions and Saving in a Small Open Economy

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  • Broer, D Peter
  • Westerhout, Ed W M T
  • Bovenberg, A Lans

Abstract

An overlapping generations model of a small open economy is used to explore several policy options aimed at reducing the burden of income taxes and pay-as-you-go contributions on labor income so as to improve the incentives to supply labor. Including the return of funded collective pension plans in the tax base turns out to be counterproductive. Cutting pay-as-you-go benefits, in contrast, succeeds in improving efficiency in general and labor-market incentives in particular. Under specific variants of the funded collective plan, reducing pay-as-you-go benefits even proves to be Pareto welfare improving. Copyright 1994 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

Suggested Citation

  • Broer, D Peter & Westerhout, Ed W M T & Bovenberg, A Lans, 1994. " Taxation, Pensions and Saving in a Small Open Economy," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96(3), pages 403-424.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:scandj:v:96:y:1994:i:3:p:403-24
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Christian Keuschnigg, 1991. "The Transition to a Cash Flow Income Tax," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 127(II), pages 113-140, June.
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    4. Broer, D. P. & Westerhout, E. W. M. T., 1993. "Taxation in an intertemporal general equilibrium model of a small open economy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 64-80, January.
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    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/13361 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Beetsma, Roel & Bettendorf, Leon & Broer, Peter, 2003. "The budgeting and economic consequences of ageing in the Netherlands," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 987-1013, September.
    3. Gonand, Frédéric & Jouvet, Pierre-André, 2015. "The “second dividend” and the demographic structure," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 71-97.
    4. Serdar Sayan & Ali Emre Uyar, 2001. "Directions of Trade Flows and Labor Movements between high-and Low-Population Growth Countries: An Overlapping Generations General Equilibrium Analysis," Working Papers 0108, Department of Economics, Bilkent University.
    5. Frédéric Gonand, 2014. "Fostering Renewables and Recycling a Carbon Tax: Joint Aggregate and Intergenerational Redistributive Effects," Working Papers 1408, Chaire Economie du climat.
    6. Kenc, Turalay & Sayan, Serdar, 2001. "Demographic shock transmission from large to small countries: An overlapping generations CGE analysis," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 677-702, August.
    7. Bouzahzah, Mohamed & De la Croix, David & Docquier, Frederic, 2002. "Policy reforms and growth in computable OLG economies," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 26(12), pages 2093-2113, October.
    8. Hirte, Georg, 2001. "Pension Policies for an Aging Society," Beiträge zur Finanzwissenschaft, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, edition 1, volume 14, number urn:isbn:9783161475399.
    9. Keshab Bhattarai, 2016. "Growth and Income Distributions in Four EU Economies," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 22(3), pages 263-277, August.
    10. Assar Lindbeck & Mats Persson, 2003. "The Gains from Pension Reform," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 41(1), pages 74-112, March.
    11. Lassila, Jukka, 2002. "An Overlapping-Generations Simulation Model for the Lithuanian Economy," Discussion Papers 669, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
    12. Beine, Michel & Bismans, Francis & Docquier, Frederic & Laurent, Sebastien, 2001. "Life-cycle behaviour of US households: A nonlinear GMM estimation on pseudopanel data," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 23(7), pages 713-729, October.
    13. Turalay Kenc & Serdar Sayan, 1998. "Transmission of Demographic Shock Effects from Large to Small," GE, Growth, Math methods 9804001, EconWPA.
    14. Fabio Pammolli, 2013. "Demography, Sustainability, and Growth Notes on the future of the European "Social Market" Economy," Working Papers CERM 01-2013, Competitività, Regole, Mercati (CERM).
    15. Frederic Gonand, 2014. "The Social Aversion to Intergenerational Inequality and the Recycling of a Carbon Tax," Working Papers 1412, Chaire Economie du climat.
    16. repec:dau:papers:123456789/13160 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Fehr, Hans & Wiegard, Wolfgang, 1996. "Numerische Gleichgewichtsmodelle: Grundstruktur, Anwendungen und Erkenntnisgehalt," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 75, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    18. Rasmussen, Tobias N. & Rutherford, Thomas F., 2004. "Modeling overlapping generations in a complementarity format," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 1383-1409, April.

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