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An Empirical Analysis of Wage Dispersion and Efficiency Wages


  • Arai, Mahmood


The main purpose of this study is to examine interindustry wage differentials in Sweden. After controlling for individual and job characteristics, the results indicate that these differentials are substantial. The ranking of the differentials was stable over time, while the dispersion of wage premiums fell by 50 percent during the period 1968-81--a period of strong efforts to reduce wage dispersion in Sweden. The relation between industry wage premiums and a number of industry characteristics is also examined, along with new evidence that is in line with the shirking model hypothesis on the relation between wages and worker control. Copyright 1994 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

Suggested Citation

  • Arai, Mahmood, 1994. " An Empirical Analysis of Wage Dispersion and Efficiency Wages," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96(1), pages 31-50.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:scandj:v:96:y:1994:i:1:p:31-50

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Yeon-Koo Che & Jozsef Sakovics, 2004. "Contractual Remedies to the Holdup Problem: A Dynamic Perspective," ESE Discussion Papers 100, Edinburgh School of Economics, University of Edinburgh.
    2. Hart, Oliver, 1995. "Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198288817, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vesna Stavrevska, 2011. "The efficiency wages perspective to wage rigidity in the open economy: a survey," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(3), pages 273-299, June.
    2. William D. Ferguson, 2005. "Fair Wages, Worker Motivation, and Implicit Bargaining Power in Segmented Labor Markets," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 161(1), pages 126-126, March.
    3. Peter J. Klenow & Mark Bils, 2000. "Does Schooling Cause Growth?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1160-1183, December.
    4. Arbache, Jorge Saba & Dickerson, Andy & Green, Francis, 2004. "Assessing the stability of the inter-industry wage structure in the face of radical economic reforms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 83(2), pages 149-155, May.
    5. Bender, Keith A, 1998. " The Central Government-Private Sector Wage Differential," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(2), pages 177-220, April.
    6. Henri L.F. de Groot & Anton B.T.M. van Schaik, 2002. "Unemployment, Growth and the Organisation of Work," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 02-017/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    7. Erixon, Lennart, 2000. "A Swedish Economic Policy - The Theory, Application and Validity of the Rehn-Meidner Model," Research Papers in Economics 2000:13, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
    8. Joop Hartog & Pedro Pereira & José Vieira, 2000. "Inter-industry Wage Dispersion in Portugal," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 27(4), pages 353-364, December.
    9. Björklund, Anders & Bratsberg, Bernt & Eriksson, Tor & Jäntti, Markus & Raaum, Oddbjørn, 2004. "Inter-Industry Wage Differentials and Unobserved Ability: Siblings Evidence from Five Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 1080, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Mark Bils & Peter J. Klenow, 1998. "Does Schooling Cause Growth or the Other Way Around?," NBER Working Papers 6393, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Nannan Lundin & Lihong Yun, 2009. "International Trade and Inter-Industry Wage Structure in Swedish Manufacturing: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(1), pages 87-102, February.
    12. Hartog, Joop & Pereira, Pedro T. & Vieira, José António Cabral, 1999. "Inter-industry Wage Dispersion in Portugal: high but falling," IZA Discussion Papers 53, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    13. Cael Warren & Raymond Robertson, 2011. "Globalization, Wages, and Working Conditions: A Case Study of Cambodian Garment Factories," Working Papers id:4505, eSocialSciences.
    14. Jorge Saba Arbache, 1999. "Trade Liberalisation and Insider Power: The Case of Brazil," Studies in Economics 9902, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    15. Erixon, Lennart, 2000. "The 'Third Way' Revisited. A Revaluation of the Swedish Model in the Light of Modern Economics," Working Paper Series 159, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
    16. Erixon, Lennart, 2005. "Travelling Along the Third Way. A Swedish Model of Stabilisation, Equity and Growth," Research Papers in Economics 2005:10, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
    17. van Schaik, A.B.T.M. & de Groot, H.L.F., 2000. "Unemployment, growth and efficiency wages," Other publications TiSEM faa209e7-3a95-41b0-958f-0, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.

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