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The Dual Role of Demand Deposits under Asymmetric Information

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  • Vale, Bent

Abstract

When there is initial asymmetric information between lenders and borrowers, accepting checkable deposits can give banks information about the quality of future borrowers. Hence, the two main types of bank activities are complementarities. Nevertheless, i t is shown that intermediaries who fund themselves by other means and, thus, do not get the same borrower information as banks, can coexist with banks in equilibrium. With the possibility of legally binding contingent contracts, banks earn zero expected profits in equilibriu m in spite of their information advantage relative to other intermediaries. If legally binding contingent contracts are infeasib le, there may exist an implicit contract equilibrium. Copyright 1993 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

Suggested Citation

  • Vale, Bent, 1993. " The Dual Role of Demand Deposits under Asymmetric Information," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(1), pages 77-95.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:scandj:v:95:y:1993:i:1:p:77-95
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    Cited by:

    1. Steven Ongena, 1999. "Lending Relationships, Bank Default and Economic Activity," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(2), pages 257-280.
    2. Djedidi-Kooli, Salima, 2009. "L’accès au financement des PME en France : quel rôle joué par la structure du système bancaire ?," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/8354 edited by Etner, François, December.
    3. Hyytinen, Ari & Toivanen, Otto, 2000. "Monitoring and market power in loan markets," Research Discussion Papers 9/2000, Bank of Finland.
    4. Enzo Dia, 2004. "Imperfect Information and Monopolistic Pricing in the Banking Industry," Working Papers 74, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised May 2004.
    5. Ornella Tarola & Jean Gabszewicz & Didier Laussel, 2011. "To Acquire, or To Compete? An Entry Dilemma," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 11(4), pages 369-383, December.
    6. Degryse, H.A. & Ongena, S., 2003. "The Impact of Competition on Bank Orientation and Specialization," Discussion Paper 2003-108, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    7. Ongena, S. & Smith, D.C., 2000. "Bank relationships : A review," Other publications TiSEM 993b88a5-9a0f-42de-9cec-6, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    8. Dia, Enzo, 2013. "How do banks respond to shocks? A dynamic model of deposit-taking institutions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3623-3638.
    9. Kim, Moshe & Kliger, Doron & Vale, Bent, 2003. "Estimating switching costs: the case of banking," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 25-56, January.
    10. Degryse, Hans & Ongena, Steven, 2007. "The impact of competition on bank orientation," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 399-424, July.
    11. Gunther Capelle-Blancard & Olena Havrylchyk, 2017. "Incidence of Bank Levy and Bank Market Power," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 21(3), pages 1023-1046.
    12. Hans Degryse & Steven Ongena, 2001. "Bank Relationships and Firm Profitability," Financial Management, Financial Management Association, vol. 30(1), Spring.
    13. Doris Neuberger & Solvig Räthke, 2009. "Microenterprises and multiple bank relationships: The case of professionals," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 207-229, February.
    14. Hans Degryse & Steven Ongena, 2002. "Bank-Firm Relationships and International Banking Markets," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3), pages 401-417.
    15. Enzo Dia, 2002. "A Reconciliation of the Evidence about Bank Lending with Portfolio Theory," Working Papers 56, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2002.
    16. Hans Degryse & Steven Ongena, 2004. "The Impact of Competition on Bank Orientation and Specialization (new titel: The impact of competition on bank orientation)," CESifo Working Paper Series 1119, CESifo Group Munich.
    17. Hyytinen, Ari & Toivanen, Otto, 2004. "Monitoring and market power in credit markets," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 269-288, February.
    18. Tlili, Rim, 2012. "Comment justifier la multibancarité au sein des PME ?," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/10919 edited by Etner, François, December.

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