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A Computational Procedure for Calculating Optimal Commodity Taxes with Illustrative Evidence from Indian Budget Data

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  • Murty, M N
  • Ray, Ranjan

Abstract

A simple procedure for calculating optimal commodity taxes is proposed, which takes into account the simultaneous interdependence of taxes, expenditure, and price levels/responses. The method also allows for the social marginal utility of income to depend on prices, besides expenditures, in a manner implied by the assumed preference functional form. Illustrative calculations on Indian budget data provide evidence not only in favor of the procedure, but of considerable sensitivity of directions of marginal tax reforms to the data set (rural or urban) used, and of optimal tax estimates to demand functional form. Copyright 1989 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

Suggested Citation

  • Murty, M N & Ray, Ranjan, 1989. " A Computational Procedure for Calculating Optimal Commodity Taxes with Illustrative Evidence from Indian Budget Data," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 91(4), pages 655-670.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:scandj:v:91:y:1989:i:4:p:655-70
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    Cited by:

    1. Sushama Murty, 2016. "Measuring unilateral and multilateral gains from tackling current economic inefficiencies in CO2 reductions: Theory and evidence," Discussion Papers 1604, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
    2. Paolo Liberati, 2000. "Did VAT change redistribute purchasing power in Italy?," Working Papers 40, University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Public Economics.
    3. Kula, E., 2002. "Regional Welfare Weights in Investment Appraisal - The Case of India," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 32(1).
    4. Odd E. Nygård & John T. Revesz, 2015. "Optimal indirect taxation and the uniformity debate: A review of theoretical results and empirical contributions," Discussion Papers 809, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    5. Ray, Ranjan, 1993. "Optimal Demogrants and Taxes in a Federal Welfare State," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 6(3), pages 199-214.
    6. J. V. Meenakshi & Ranjan Ray, 1999. "Regional differences in India's food expenditure pattern: a complete demand systems approach," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(1), pages 47-74.
    7. Odd E. Nygard & John T. Revesz, 2016. "A literature review on optimal indirect taxation and the uniformity debate," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 218(3), pages 107-140, September.
    8. Ray, R., 1994. "The Reform and Design of Commodity Taxes in the Presence of Tax Evasion with Illustrative Evidence from India," Discussion Paper 1994-108, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    9. M.N. Murty & Ranjan Ray Author-Workplace-Delhi School of Economics, 1994. "Optimal Taxation And Resource Transfers In A Federal Nation," Working papers 02, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
    10. Paolo Liberati, 2001. "The Distributional Effects of Indirect Tax Changes in Italy," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 8(1), pages 27-51, January.
    11. M N, Murty & Dhavala, Kishore Kumar & Ghosh, Meenakshi & Singh, Rashmi, 2006. "Social Cost-Benefit Analysis of Delhi Metro," MPRA Paper 1658, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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