Technology, Factor Proportions and Competitiveness
This paper reports an attempt to explain changes in the industrial pattern of relative international competitiveness and specializ ation in the Swedish manufacturing industry during the period 1969-84 . The author evaluates the role of R&D expenditure in this process. R elative international competitiveness was found to improve in industr ies intensive in human as well as physical capital. The analysis conf irmed the "technology gap" hypothesis in that a high level of R&D e xpenditure, relative to competitors, improved the Swedish market posi tion; on the other hand, no indication was found of increased interna tional specialization on R&D-intensive products in Swedish industry. Copyright 1988 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.
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Volume (Year): 90 (1988)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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