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Technology, Factor Proportions and Competitiveness

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  • Lundberg, Lars

Abstract

This paper reports an attempt to explain changes in the industrial pattern of relative international competitiveness and specializ ation in the Swedish manufacturing industry during the period 1969-84 . The author evaluates the role of R&D expenditure in this process. R elative international competitiveness was found to improve in industr ies intensive in human as well as physical capital. The analysis conf irmed the "technology gap" hypothesis in that a high level of R&D e xpenditure, relative to competitors, improved the Swedish market posi tion; on the other hand, no indication was found of increased interna tional specialization on R&D-intensive products in Swedish industry. Copyright 1988 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

Suggested Citation

  • Lundberg, Lars, 1988. " Technology, Factor Proportions and Competitiveness," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 90(2), pages 173-188.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:scandj:v:90:y:1988:i:2:p:173-88
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    Cited by:

    1. Garcia Pires, Armando José, 2006. "International Trade with Competitiveness Effects in R&D," CEPR Discussion Papers 5547, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Fors, Gunnar, 1996. "Utilization of R&D Results in the Home and Foreign Plants of Multinationals," Working Paper Series 459, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    3. Armando Garcia Pires, 2012. "International trade and competitiveness," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 50(3), pages 727-763, August.
    4. Imre Ferto & Károly Attila Soós, 2012. "Controversial issues in factors determining intra-industry trade," International Journal of Economics and Business Research, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1/2), pages 132-148.

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