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Self-Reinforcing Agglomerations? An Empirical Industry Study

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  • Knarvik, Karen Helene Midelfart
  • Steen, Frode

Abstract

We test for the existence of endogenous agglomeration forces, using structural econometric models. After showing generally how to establish the existence of agglomeration forces empirically, we undertake an industry study of the maritime industry in Norway. The results suggest that there are significant economies of scale in the maritime industry. These economies of scale are mainly found in sub-groups of a set of nine maritime industries. This indicates that the maritime industry consists of two self-reinforcing agglomerations, but that there are few mechanisms actually keeping the two together. Copyright 1999 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

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  • Knarvik, Karen Helene Midelfart & Steen, Frode, 1999. " Self-Reinforcing Agglomerations? An Empirical Industry Study," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 101(4), pages 515-532, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:scandj:v:101:y:1999:i:4:p:515-32
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:transa:v:105:y:2017:i:c:p:219-232 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Andreas Pfingsten & Reiner Wolff, 2009. "Factor Supply Changes in Small Open Economies: Rybczynski Derivatives under Increasing Marginal Costs," Finnish Economic Papers, Finnish Economic Association, vol. 22(1), pages 9-20, Spring.
    3. Frode Steen, 2002. "Vertical Industry Linkages: Sources of Productivity Gains and Cumulative Causation?," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 21(1), pages 3-20, August.
    4. Bartlomiej ROKICKI & Mieczyslaw W. SOCHA, 2008. "Effects of Poland's Integration with the EU: Structural Interventions and Economic Development in the Eastern Border Regions," The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies (JCES), The Japanese Society for Comparative Economic Studies (JSCES), vol. 4, pages 81-114, December.
    5. Christ, Julian P., 2010. "Geographic concentration and spatial inequality: Two decades of EPO patenting at the level of European micro regions," Violette Reihe: Schriftenreihe des Promotionsschwerpunkts "Globalisierung und Beschäftigung" 32/2010, University of Hohenheim, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Evangelisches Studienwerk.
    6. Emma Howard & Carol Newman & Finn Tarp, 2016. "Measuring industry coagglomeration and identifying the driving forces," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(5), pages 1055-1078.
    7. Henriksen, Espen & Steen, Frode & Ulltveit-Moe, Karen-Helene, 2001. "Economies of Scale in European Manufacturing Revisited," CEPR Discussion Papers 2896, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Richard Baldwin & Rikard Forslid & Philippe Martin & Gianmarco Ottaviano & Frederic Robert-Nicoud, 2005. "Introduction," Introductory Chapters,in: Economic Geography and Public Policy Princeton University Press.
    9. Ryohei Nakamura, 2005. "Agglomeration Economies and Linkage Externalities in Urban Manufacturing Industries - A Case of Japanese Cities," ERSA conference papers ersa05p768, European Regional Science Association.
    10. Patrice Pieretti & Arnaud Bourgain, 2006. "Measuring Agglomeration Forces in a Financial Center," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 18(3), pages 1-9.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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