Measuring the Value of Children by Sex and Age Using a Dynamic Programming Model
One of the important determinants of fertility is the value of children as perceived by parents. This paper estimates gender- and age-specific values of children using a dynamic programming model. Findings from the Korean data indicate that children impose net costs when young and net benefits when old. Both the early costs and the later benefits are larger for male children than female children, and for better-educated women than lower-educated women. Simulation studies that use estimated values of children suggest that a decrease in the costs of abortion and prenatal gender-screening tests may raise the male-birth ratio through gender-selective abortions. Copyright 1995 by The Review of Economic Studies Limited.
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Volume (Year): 62 (1995)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
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