International immigration and economic welfare in an efficiency wage model: The co-existence case of both legal and illegal foreign workers
In the developed countries some native workers are unemployed while there exist illegal unskilled (legal skilled) foreign workers who are complementary to (substitutable for) natives and their wages are usually lower than (equal to) that of natives. Reflecting this situation, we introduce two types of immigrant in an efficiency wage model. It is shown that domestic government should exclude illegal foreign workers but welcome legal ones if the total number of illegal immigrants is small enough and well controlled. On the other hand, legal immigration should be restricted if the flood of illegal immigration is out of control. Copyright 2004 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
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Volume (Year): 9 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 (02)
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