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The demand for electricity in Pakistan

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  • Muhammad Arshad Khan
  • Abdul Qayyum

Abstract

This paper examines the patterns of electricity demand in Pakistan over the period 1970-2006 using autoregressive distributed lag technique to cointegration. Long run and short-run price and income elasticities are examined for the national level and for the three major consumer's categories-households, industry and agriculture. The overall results suggest that income and price elasticities possess expected signs at aggregate and disaggregate levels in the long run as well as in the short run. The error correction terms possess expected negative signs and are highly significant with reasonable magnitudes. Furthermore, the estimated long run and short-run electricity demand functions remains stable over the sample period. The results thus convey important information to the agents operating in the electricity market regarding the pricing policies and helps in planning the future strategy of electricity demand management. Copyright 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation 2009 Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Arshad Khan & Abdul Qayyum, 2009. "The demand for electricity in Pakistan," OPEC Energy Review, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, vol. 33(1), pages 70-96, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:opecrv:v:33:y:2009:i:1:p:70-96
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    Cited by:

    1. Zahid Ashraf & Attiya Yasmin Javid & Muhammad Javid, 2013. "Electricity consumption and economic growth: evidence from Pakistan," Economics and Business Letters, Oviedo University Press, vol. 2(1), pages 21-32.
    2. repec:pid:journl:v:55:y:2016:i:1:p:29-47 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Satti, Saqlain Latif & Hassan, Muhammad Shahid & Mahmood, Haider & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2014. "Coal consumption: An alternate energy resource to fuel economic growth in Pakistan," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 282-287.
    4. Javid, Muhammad & Qayyum, Abdul, 2014. "Electricity consumption-GDP nexus in Pakistan: A structural time series analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 811-817.
    5. Noel Alter & Shabib Haider Syed, 2011. "An Empirical Analysis of Electricity Demand in Pakistan," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 1(4), pages 116-139.
    6. Muhammad, Shahbaz & V G R, Chandran & Pervaiz, Azeem, 2011. "Natural gas consumption and economic growth: cointegration, causality and forecast error variance decomposition tests for Pakistan," MPRA Paper 35103, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 30 Nov 2011.
    7. Nawaz, Saima & Iqbal, Nasir & Anwar, Saba, 2014. "Modelling electricity demand using the STAR (Smooth Transition Auto-Regressive) model in Pakistan," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 535-542.
    8. Shahateet, Mohammed Issa & Al-Majali, Khalid Ali & Al-Hahabashneh, Fedel, 2014. "Causality and Cointegration between Economic Growth and Energy Consumption: Econometric Evidence from Jordan," MPRA Paper 59067, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Oct 2014.
    9. Aneel Salman & Nadia Asghar & Tahir-ul-Mulk Kahlon & Muhammad Waqas Chughtai, 2013. "Energy Consumption & Economic Growth Nexus: Evidence from Pakistan," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 9(3), pages 132-139, June.
    10. Andriamanga, Fidimanantsoa, 2017. "Relation entre l’énergie et la croissance économique : approche empirique appliquée au cas de Madagascar pour la periode 1995 à 2015
      [Relationship between energy consumption and economic growth in
      ," MPRA Paper 82967, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Muhammad, Javid & Abdul, Qayyum, 2013. "Electricity consumption-GDP nexus: A structural time series analysis," MPRA Paper 47448, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Kumar, Saten & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2010. "Coal Consumption and Economic Growth Revisited: Structural Breaks, Cointegration and Causality Tests for Pakistan," MPRA Paper 26151, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Mudassir Zaman & Farzana Shaheen & Azad Haider & Sadia Qamar, 2015. "Examining Relationship between Electricity Consumption and its Major Determinants in Pakistan," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(4), pages 998-1009.
    14. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:9:p:1611-:d:111607 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Farooq, Muhammad Khalid & Kumar, S. & Shrestha, Ram M., 2013. "Energy, environmental and economic effects of Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) in a Developing Country," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 989-1001.
    16. Mehmood Mirza, Faisal & Bergland, Olvar & Afzal, Naila, 2014. "Electricity conservation policies and sectorial output in Pakistan: An empirical analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 757-766.
    17. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-289 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Khan, Muhammad Arshad & Abbas, Faisal, 2016. "The dynamics of electricity demand in Pakistan: A panel cointegration analysis," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 1159-1178.
    19. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Arouri, Mohamed & Teulon, Frédéric, 2014. "Short- and long-run relationships between natural gas consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Pakistan," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 219-226.
    20. Qudrat-Ullah, Hassan, 2015. "Independent power (or pollution) producers? Electricity reforms and IPPs in Pakistan," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 240-251.

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