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Saving Behaviour in OECD Countries: Evidence from Panel Cointegration Tests

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  • Sarantis, Nicholas
  • Stewart, Chris

Abstract

We use recently developed panel cointegration and integration tests, which allow for heterogeneity in parameters and dynamics across countries, to examine the long-run determinants of aggregate private saving rates in a dynamic panel of OECD countries during the post Second World War period. These techniques are more powerful than the conventional tests and overcome the inconsistency problem of the fixed-effect estimator typically employed in cross-country studies of saving behaviour. We employ a number of alternative cointegration methods and also construct a private disposable income series, while previous studies on private savings tend to proxy income with GDP. We find strong evidence for the existence of a long-run equilibrium saving function based on an extended version of the life-cycle hypothesis which allows for the influence of liquidity constraints. Our results suggest a number of significant determinants of saving rates, but the parameter estimates vary significantly across countries. Copyright 2001 by Blackwell Publishers Ltd and The Victoria University of Manchester

Suggested Citation

  • Sarantis, Nicholas & Stewart, Chris, 2001. "Saving Behaviour in OECD Countries: Evidence from Panel Cointegration Tests," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 69(0), pages 22-41, Supplemen.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:manchs:v:69:y:2001:i:0:p:22-41
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    Cited by:

    1. FERROUHI, El Mehdi & LEHADIRI, Abderrassoul, 2014. "Savings Determinants of Moroccan banks: A cointegration modeling approach," MPRA Paper 76371, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. James B. Ang, 2011. "Savings Mobilization, Financial Development And Liberalization: The Case Of Malaysia," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 57(3), pages 449-470, September.
    3. Clovis Kerdrain & Isabell Koske & Isabelle Wanner, 2011. "Current Account Imbalances: can Structural Reforms Help to Reduce Them?," OECD Journal: Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2011(1), pages 1-44.
    4. Roger Kelly & George Mavrotas, 2002. "Savings and Financial Sector Development: Panel Cointegration Evidence from Africa," 10th International Conference on Panel Data, Berlin, July 5-6, 2002 A4-2, International Conferences on Panel Data.
    5. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Chang, Chun-Ping & Chen, Pei-Fen, 2008. "Energy-income causality in OECD countries revisited: The key role of capital stock," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 2359-2373, September.
    6. Salotti, Simone, 2008. "Global imbalances and household savings: the role of wealth," MPRA Paper 17729, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2009.
    7. Chun-ping Chang & Yung-hsiang Ying, 2008. "The Generative Power Of Air Freight In The Trade Openness - Economic Growth Nexus In African Countries," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 76(3), pages 493-512, September.
    8. Westerlund, Joakim & Basher, Syed A., 2008. "Mixed signals among tests for panel cointegration," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 128-136, January.
    9. Yoichi Matsubayashi & Takao Fujii, 2012. "Substitutability of Savings by Sectors: OECD Experiences," Discussion Papers 1215, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.
    10. Kelly, Roger & Mavrotas, George, 2003. "Financial Sector Development - Futile or Fruitful? An Examination of the Determinants of Savings in Sri Lanka," WIDER Working Paper Series 014, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    11. Christophe Kamps, 2006. "Are the effects of fiscal policy really nonlinear? A note," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 33(2), pages 113-125, June.
    12. Sefa Awaworyi & Siew Ling Yew, 2014. "Government Transfers and Growth: Is there Evidence of Genuine Effect?," Monash Economics Working Papers 40-14, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    13. George Hondroyiannis, 2010. "Fertility Determinants and Economic Uncertainty: An Assessment Using European Panel Data," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 31(1), pages 33-50, March.
    14. Omar Masood & Priya Darshini Pun Thapa & Olivier Levyne & Frederic Teulon & Rabeb Triki, 2014. "Does Co-integration and Causal Relationship Exist between the Non- stationary Variables for Chinese Bank’s Profitability? An Empirical Evidence," Working Papers 2014-249, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
    15. Österholm, Pär, 2004. "Estimating the Relationship between Age Structure and GDP in the OECD Using Panel Cointegration Methods," Working Paper Series 2004:13, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
    16. Chien-Chiang Lee & Chun-Ping Chang, 2006. "Social security expenditure and GDP in OECD countries: A cointegrated panel analysis," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(3), pages 303-320.
    17. repec:rss:jnljfe:v5i1p4 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Paul Hiebert, 2006. "Household Saving and Asset Valuations in Selected Industrialised Countries," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2006-07, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    19. Mobin, Mohammad Ashraful & Masih, Mansur, 2014. "Do the macroeconomic variables have any impact on the Islamic bank deposits?An application of ARDL approach to the Malaysian market," MPRA Paper 62342, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Clovis Kerdrain & Isabell Koske & Isabelle Wanner, 2010. "The Impact of Structural Policies on Saving, Investment and Current Accounts," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 815, OECD Publishing.
    21. repec:eee:ecmode:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:270-287 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Liu, Yucan & Shumway, C. Richard, 2005. "Indirect Utility Maximization under Risk: A Heterogeneous Panel Application," 2005 Annual Meeting, July 6-8, 2005, San Francisco, California 36307, Western Agricultural Economics Association.
    23. Kelly, Roger & Mavrotas, George, 2003. "Savings and Financial Sector Development: Panel Cointegration Evidence from Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series 012, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    24. Marwan Abdul-Malik Thanoon & Ahmad Zubaidi Baharumshah, 2012. "Comparing Savings Behavior in Asia and Latin America: The Role of Capital Inflows and Economic Growth," Journal of Developing Areas, Tennessee State University, College of Business, vol. 46(1), pages 113-131, January-J.
    25. Naeem AKRAM & Muhammad Irfan AKRAM, 2015. "Savings Behaviour In Muslim And Non-Muslim Countries In Context To The Interest Rate," Pakistan Journal of Applied Economics, Applied Economics Research Centre, vol. 25(2), pages 161-177.

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