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Short-Term Horizons in Foreign Exchange? Survey Evidence from Dealers and Fund Managers


  • Menkhoff, Lukas


The paper examines the extent and determinants of short-term horizons in taking open positions using a questionnaire mailed to professional foreign exchange market participants in Germany. The findings reveal that the absolute anticipation horizon is short, but not necessarily short-termist. Another related but empirically different measure is proposed, based on the relative length of different horizons; its use clearly shows widespread restrictions in relation to optimal behavior. No determinants in personal characteristics were established for either empirical measure; rather the institutional environment was found to be an influence. Thus professionals may adapt rationally to their incentive structure, which works towards short-term horizons in position taking. Copyright 2001 by WWZ and Helbing & Lichtenhahn Verlag AG

Suggested Citation

  • Menkhoff, Lukas, 2001. "Short-Term Horizons in Foreign Exchange? Survey Evidence from Dealers and Fund Managers," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(1), pages 27-47.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:54:y:2001:i:1:p:27-47

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    Cited by:

    1. Jan Christoph Ruelke & Christian Pierdzioch & Georg Stadtmann, 2012. "On the internal consistency of short-term, medium-term and long-term oil price forecasts," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(21), pages 2757-2765, July.
    2. Audretsch, David B. & Stadtmann, Georg, 2005. "Biases in FX-forecasts: Evidence from panel data," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 99-111, August.
    3. Thomas Oberlechner & Carol Osler, 2009. "Overconfidence in Currency Markets," Working Papers 02, Brandeis University, Department of Economics and International Businesss School.
    4. Yan Liang, 2011. "Money-manager capitalism, capital flows and development in emerging market economies: a Post-Keynesian Institutionalist analysis," Chapters,in: Financial Instability and Economic Security after the Great Recession, chapter 9, pages 179-201 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Oberlechner, Thomas & Osler, Carol, 2012. "Survival of Overconfidence in Currency Markets," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 47(01), pages 91-113, April.
    6. Fischer, Andreas M. & Isakova, Gulzina & Termechikov, Ulanbek, 2009. "Do FX traders in Bishkek have similar perceptions to their London colleagues?: Survey evidence of market practitioners' views," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 98-109, March.
    7. Daniela Beckmann & Lukas Menkhoff, 2008. "Will Women Be Women? Analyzing the Gender Difference among Financial Experts," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 364-384, August.
    8. Frenkel, Michael & Rülke, Jan-Christoph & Stadtmann, Georg, 2009. "Two currencies, one model? Evidence from the Wall Street Journal forecast poll," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 588-596, October.
    9. Pierdzioch Christian & Stadtmann Georg, 2010. "Herdenverhalten von Wechselkursprognostikern? / Herd Behavior of Exchange Rate Forecasters?," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 230(4), pages 436-453, August.
    10. Lendvai, Julia & Raciborski, Rafal & Vogel, Lukas, 2013. "Macroeconomic effects of an equity transaction tax in a general-equilibrium model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 466-482.
    11. Christian Pierdzioch & Georg Stadtmann & Dirk Schäfer, 2011. "Fly with the Eagles or Scratch with the Chickens? – Zum Herdenverhalten von Wechselkursprognostikern," Credit and Capital Markets, Credit and Capital Markets, vol. 44(4), pages 465-490.
    12. Michael Frenkel & Matthias Mauch & Jan-Christoph Rülke, 2017. "Forecaster Rationality and Expectation Formation in Foreign Exchange Markets: Do Emerging Markets Differ from Industrialized Economies?," WHU Working Paper Series - Economics Group 17-04, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management.
    13. Ruelke, Jan C. & Frenkel, Michael R. & Stadtmann, Georg, 2010. "Expectations on the yen/dollar exchange rate - Evidence from the Wall Street Journal forecast poll," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 355-368, September.
    14. Justyna Przychodzen & Fernando Gómez-Bezares & Wojciech Przychodzen & Mikel Larreina, 2016. "ESG Issues among Fund Managers—Factors and Motives," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(10), pages 1-19, October.

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