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Going for the Gold: Property Rights and Athletic Effort in Transitional Economies


  • Shughart, William F, II
  • Tollison, Robert D


This paper presents evidence consistent with an incentive-based theory of Olympic medal winning effort. As a result of a fundamental change in property rights regimes, the overall number of medals won by athletes from the former Soviet Bloc in Albertville and Barcelona was considerably below their medal totals in previous Winter and Summer Olympic Games. A reduction in the ability to appropriate the returns to medal winning led to a reduction in the supply of athletic effort during the 1992 Olympics. Copyright 1993 by WWZ and Helbing & Lichtenhahn Verlag AG

Suggested Citation

  • Shughart, William F, II & Tollison, Robert D, 1993. "Going for the Gold: Property Rights and Athletic Effort in Transitional Economies," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 263-272.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:46:y:1993:i:2:p:263-72

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Maria Cipollina & Luca Salvatici, 2008. "Measuring Protection: Mission Impossible?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(3), pages 577-616, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrew B. Bernard & Meghan R. Busse, 2000. "Who Wins The Olympic Games: Economic Development and Medal Totals," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm160, Yale School of Management.
    2. Vagenas, George & Vlachokyriakou, Eleni, 2012. "Olympic medals and demo-economic factors: Novel predictors, the ex-host effect, the exact role of team size, and the “population-GDP” model revisited," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 211-217.
    3. Christian Pierdzioch & Eike Emrich, 2013. "A Note on Corruption and National Olympic Success," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 41(4), pages 405-411, December.
    4. repec:dgr:rugccs:200104 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Kuper, Gerard & Sterken, Elmer, 2001. "Olympic participation and performance since 1896," CCSO Working Papers 200104, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research.
    6. Gerard H. Kuper & Elmer Sterken, 2012. "Forecasts and evaluation of the 2011 Pan American Games," EconoQuantum, Revista de Economia y Negocios, Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas, Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos y Maestria en Economia., vol. 9(2), pages 45-60, Julio-Dic.

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