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The Determinants of Protection in Developing Countries: An Extended Interest-Group Approach


  • Amelung, Torsten


This paper examines empirically the causes and the origin of both the structure and the level of protection in developing countries, i.e., organized pressure groups, preferences of the electorates, and nationalistic attitudes on part of the government. However, regression analysis using effective protection as a dependent variable and certain industry characteristics as independent variables yields unsatisfactory results for developing countries. Therefore, the author develops an extended interest approach, which attempts to proxy the opposition and coalitions among various industries. As the empirical evidence for the case of Brazil 1973-75 shows, this approach adds to the explanatory power of the interest-group model. Copyright 1989 by WWZ and Helbing & Lichtenhahn Verlag AG

Suggested Citation

  • Amelung, Torsten, 1989. "The Determinants of Protection in Developing Countries: An Extended Interest-Group Approach," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(4), pages 515-532.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:42:y:1989:i:4:p:515-32

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    Cited by:

    1. Martín Rama, 1994. "Endogenous Trade Policy: A Time-Series Approach," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(3), pages 215-232, November.
    2. César Calderón & Alberto Chong, 2006. "Rent Seeking and Democracy in Latin America: What Drives What?," Research Department Publications 4435, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. Diehl, Markus, 1990. "On the determinants of credit allocation in developing countries: Empirical evidence for Brazil and Peru," Kiel Working Papers 451, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. César Calderãn & Alberto Chong, 2007. "Rent Seeking And Democracy: Empirical Evidence For Uruguay," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 45(3), pages 592-601, July.
    5. Schweickert, Rainer, 1994. "Regional integration: A worthwhile strategy for catching up?," Kiel Working Papers 623, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    6. Yoo Jung-ho, 1993. "The Political Economy of Protection Structure in Korea," NBER Chapters,in: Trade and Protectionism, NBER-EASE Volume 2, pages 361-385 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Babacan, Mehmet, 2012. "The Nature of Lobbying and Regulation in Turkey," MPRA Paper 57830, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Heather SMITH, 1998. "The Determinants Of Manufacturing Protection In Taiwan," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 36(3), pages 305-331, September.

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