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Employment, Labour Utilization and Procyclical Labour Productivity

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  • Konig, Heinz
  • Pohlmeier, Winfried

Abstract

The paper provides a theoretical and empirical framework to analyze the effects of change in various labor-cost parameters on employment and labor utilization. By accounting for overtime work, a nonlinear cost scheme is obtained that can serve as an explanation of procyclic al movements in labor productivity. A generalized Leontief system, based on an onlinear labor-cost scheme, is estimated for employment, average hours worked, and capital input. The empirical evidence is consistent with the stylized fact of procyclical labor productivity. A reduction of standard hours leads to a loss in employment. Copyright 1988 by WWZ and Helbing & Lichtenhahn Verlag AG

Suggested Citation

  • Konig, Heinz & Pohlmeier, Winfried, 1988. "Employment, Labour Utilization and Procyclical Labour Productivity," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(4), pages 551-572.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:41:y:1988:i:4:p:551-72
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Milton Friedman & Anna J. Schwartz, 1982. "Monetary Trends in the United States and United Kingdom: Their Relation to Income, Prices, and Interest Rates, 1867–1975," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number frie82-2, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Barth, Alfons & Zika, Gerd, 1996. "Volkswirtschaftliche Effekte einer Arbeitszeitverkürzung : eine Simulationsstudie für Westdeutschland mit dem makroökonometrischen Modell SYSIFO (Economic effects of a reduction in working hours : a s," Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 29(2), pages 179-202.
    2. Bauer, Thomas & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 1999. "Overtime Work and Overtime Compensation in Germany," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 46(4), pages 419-436, September.
    3. repec:iab:iabmit:v:29:i:2:p:179-202 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Wolf, Elke, 2000. "Loosening hours constraints on the supply of labor: what if Germans had a Dutch labor market?," ZEW Discussion Papers 00-54, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    5. Kaiser, Ulrich & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2000. "Collective wage agreements and the adjustment of workers and hours in German service firms," ZEW Discussion Papers 00-33, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    6. Thomas Bauer & Regina Riphahn, 2002. "Employment effects of payroll taxes - an empirical test for Germany," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(7), pages 865-876.
    7. Eric Heyer & Florian Pelgrin & Arnaud Sylvain, 2004. "Translog ou Cobb-Douglas? Le rôle des durées d'utilisation des facteurs," Staff Working Papers 04-19, Bank of Canada.
    8. Axel Börsch-Supan, 2002. "Reduction of Working Time: Does it Decrease Unemployment?," MEA discussion paper series 02003, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
    9. Licht, Georg & Schnell, Wolfgang & Stahl, Harald, 1996. "Ergebnisse der Innovationserhebung 1995," ZEW Dokumentationen 96-05, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    10. Franz, Wolfgang & Profit, Stefan, 1994. "Wege aus der Unterbeschäftigung im Weissbuch der EU-Kommission: Eine kritische Würdigung," Discussion Papers 15, University of Konstanz, Center for International Labor Economics (CILE).
    11. Felix FitzRoy & Michael Funke, 1994. "Real wages, investment and employment: New evidence from West German sectoral data," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 130(2), pages 258-272, June.

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