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Temporal Changes in the Determinants of Mutual Fund Flows

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  • Fant, L Franklin
  • O'Neal, Edward S

Abstract

We examine how the relation between mutual fund performance and fund flows has changed over time by separating our sample into two periods (1978-87 and 1988-97). We document an increase in the flow-performance asymmetry in the second period that exacerbates the adverse incentive for fund managers to increase portfolio risk. We develop a measure of the elasticity of fund flows with respect to performance, which filters out the confounding influence of greater aggregate fund flows in the second period and allows an examination of whether current investors place more emphasis on prior performance when selecting funds. We conclude that, though top performing funds are rewarded with greater fund flows in the second half of our sample, the change is due solely to the increase in aggregate fund flows and not to an increased reliance on performance by individual fund investors.

Suggested Citation

  • Fant, L Franklin & O'Neal, Edward S, 2000. "Temporal Changes in the Determinants of Mutual Fund Flows," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 23(3), pages 353-371, Fall.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfnres:v:23:y:2000:i:3:p:353-71
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    Cited by:

    1. Narulita, Wista A. & Parwada, Jerry T., 2012. "Evolution of a mutual fund market: Empirical analysis of simultaneous growth and decline by fund category in Indonesia," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 1217-1236.
    2. Navone, Marco, 2012. "Investors’ distraction and strategic repricing decisions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 1291-1303.
    3. Ber, Silke & Ruenzi, Stefan, 2006. "On the usability of synthetic measures of mutual fund net-flows," CFR Working Papers 06-05, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    4. Stefan Ruenzi, 2005. "Mutual Fund Growth in Standard and Specialist Market Segments," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, pages 153-167.
    5. El Ghoul, Sadok & Karoui, Aymen, 2017. "Does corporate social responsibility affect mutual fund performance and flows?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 53-63.
    6. Martí Ballester, Carmen Pilar, 2013. "Determinants of equity pension plan flows," Economics Discussion Papers 2013-15, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    7. Spiegel, Matthew & Zhang, Hong, 2013. "Mutual fund risk and market share-adjusted fund flows," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(2), pages 506-528.
    8. Christopher Knittel & Jeffrey Heisler & John J. Neumann & Scott Stewart, 2004. "Why Do Institutional Plan Sponsors Hire and Fire their Investment Managers?," Working Papers 527, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
    9. David G. Shrider, 2009. "Running From a Bear: How Poor Stock Market Performance Affects the Determinants of Mutual Fund Flows," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(7-8), pages 987-1006.
    10. George Cashman & Federico Nardari & Daniel Deli & Sriram Villupuram, 2014. "Investor behavior in the mutual fund industry: evidence from gross flows," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 38(4), pages 541-567, October.
    11. Carmen Pilar Martí Ballester, 2014. "Determinants of equity pension plan flows," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 41(1 Year 20), pages 125-148, June.
    12. Jun, Xiao & Li, Mingsheng & Shi, Jing, 2014. "Volatile market condition and investor clientele effects on mutual fund flow performance relationship," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 310-334.
    13. Zia-ur-Rehman Rao & Muhammad Zubair Tauni & Ajid ur Rehman, 2016. "Asymmetric Flow-performance Relationship: Case of Chinese Equity Funds," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(2), pages 492-496.
    14. Benson, Karen L. & Humphrey, Jacquelyn E., 2008. "Socially responsible investment funds: Investor reaction to current and past returns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(9), pages 1850-1859, September.
    15. Alexander Kempf & Stefan Ruenzi, 2004. "Family Matters: The Performance Flow Relationship in the Mutual Fund Industry," Finance 0404012, EconWPA, revised 26 May 2004.
    16. Navone, Marco, 2012. "Reprint of Investors’ distraction and strategic repricing decisions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 2729-2741.

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