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Determinants of Persistence in Relative Performance of Mutual Funds

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  • Volkman, David A
  • Wohar, Mark E

Abstract

Similar to previous studies, we investigate the relation between past and future fund performance. However, we deviate from previous studies by investigating the relation between persistent fund performance and four systematic factors: size, goal, load, and management fee. Results indicate no consistent relation between fund size and persistent fund performance. The existence of a sales charge does not affect persistent fund performance. The goal of a fund does affect persistent fund performance, with high-risk maximum capital gain funds' demonstrating a strong positive persistence in abnormal returns. In addition, funds with low management fees demonstrate significantly positive persistent fund performance, while funds with high management fees demonstrate significantly negative persistent fund performance. Further research into the relation between persistent fund performance and maximum capital gain funds indicates persistent fund performance in both inferior- and superior-performing funds. However, persistence in funds with low management fees occurs only in funds with superior past performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Volkman, David A & Wohar, Mark E, 1995. "Determinants of Persistence in Relative Performance of Mutual Funds," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 18(4), pages 415-430, Winter.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfnres:v:18:y:1995:i:4:p:415-30
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Richard A. Ippolito, 1989. "Efficiency with Costly Information: A Study of Mutual Fund Performance, 1965–1984," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 104(1), pages 1-23.
    2. Breen, William & Jagannathan, Ravi & Ofer, Aharon R, 1986. "Correcting for Heteroscedasticity in Tests for Market Timing Ability," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(4), pages 585-598, October.
    3. Grinblatt, Mark & Titman, Sheridan, 1994. "A Study of Monthly Mutual Fund Returns and Performance Evaluation Techniques," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 29(03), pages 419-444, September.
    4. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    5. Grinblatt, Mark & Titman, Sheridan D, 1989. "Mutual Fund Performance: An Analysis of Quarterly Portfolio Holdings," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 62(3), pages 393-416, July.
    6. Brown, Stephen J, et al, 1992. "Survivorship Bias in Performance Studies," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 5(4), pages 553-580.
    7. Hendricks, Darryll & Patel, Jayendu & Zeckhauser, Richard, 1993. " Hot Hands in Mutual Funds: Short-Run Persistence of Relative Performance, 1974-1988," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(1), pages 93-130, March.
    8. Carlson, Robert S., 1970. "Aggregate Performance of Mutual Funds, 1948–1967," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 5(01), pages 1-32, March.
    9. Fama, Eugene F, 1991. " Efficient Capital Markets: II," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(5), pages 1575-1617, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. David A. Volkman, 1999. "Market Volatility And Perverse Timing Performance Of Mutual Fund Managers," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 22(4), pages 449-470, December.
    2. Keith Cuthbertson & Dirk Nitzsche & Niall O' Sullivan, 2004. "UK Mutual Fund Performance: Genuine Stock-Picking Ability or Luck," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2004 55, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
    3. G.V. Satya Sekhar, 2016. "Ten Myths of Performance Evaluation of Mutual Funds: a Snapshot View," Journal of Applied Management and Investments, Department of Business Administration and Corporate Security, International Humanitarian University, vol. 5(1), pages 59-65, February.
    4. Collinet, Lance & Firer, Colin, 2003. "Characterising persistence of performance amongst South African general equity unit trusts," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 523-538, December.
    5. Tamiz, Mehrdad & Azmi, Rania A. & Jones, Dylan F., 2013. "On selecting portfolio of international mutual funds using goal programming with extended factors," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 226(3), pages 560-576.
    6. Nicolaj Siggelkow, 1999. "Expense Shifting: An Empirical Study of Agency Costs in the Mutual Fund Industry," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 99-09, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
    7. repec:eee:revfin:v:34:y:2017:i:c:p:50-60 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Justin Davis & G. Tyge Payne & Gary McMahan, 2007. "A Few Bad Apples? Scandalous Behavior of Mutual Fund Managers," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 76(3), pages 319-334, December.
    9. Maria Do Ceu Ribeiro Cortez & Dean Paxson & Manuel Jose Da Rocha Armada, 1999. "Persistence in Portuguese mutual fund performance," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(4), pages 342-365.
    10. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:1467-1477 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Porter, Gary E. & Trifts, Jack W., 1998. "Performance Persistence of Experienced Mutual Fund Managers," Financial Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 57-68.
    12. Ming-Chuan Chen & Chen-Fu Lee & Chien-Ming Huang, 2016. "The Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Equity Fund Returns: Evidence from China," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 8(10), pages 92-102, October.
    13. Prather, Laurie & Bertin, William J. & Henker, Thomas, 2004. "Mutual fund characteristics, managerial attributes, and fund performance," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 305-326.
    14. Martina Bers & Jeff Madura, 2000. "Why Does Performance Persistence Vary Among Closed-End Funds?," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 17(2), pages 127-147, August.

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