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The Effect of Size, Book-to-Market Equity, Prior Returns, and Beta on Stock Returns: January versus the Remainder of the Year


  • Fant, L Franklin
  • Peterson, David R


Size and book-to-market equity are shown to transcend beta in explaining stock returns. One possible explanation of the book-to-market equity effect is overreaction. We investigate the effect of size, book-to-market equity, prior returns, and beta on stock returns. We find significant reversals in January consistent with overreaction. We find a strong positive relation between returns and prior returns for February through December. Both patterns are distinct from either a size or book-to-market equity effect. Book-to-market equity is significantly related to returns, with some evidence of a stronger effect in January.

Suggested Citation

  • Fant, L Franklin & Peterson, David R, 1995. "The Effect of Size, Book-to-Market Equity, Prior Returns, and Beta on Stock Returns: January versus the Remainder of the Year," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 18(2), pages 129-142, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfnres:v:18:y:1995:i:2:p:129-42

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    Cited by:

    1. de Groot, Caspar G. M. & Verschoor, Willem F. C., 2002. "Further evidence on Asian stock return behavior," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 179-193, June.
    2. Easterday, Kathryn E. & Sen, Pradyot K., 2016. "Is the January effect rational? Insights from the accounting valuation model," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 168-185.
    3. Gorman, Larry, 2003. "Conditional performance, portfolio rebalancing, and momentum of small-cap mutual funds," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 287-300.
    4. Chen, Tsung-Cheng & Chien, Chin-Chen, 2011. "Size effect in January and cultural influences in an emerging stock market: The perspective of behavioral finance," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 208-229, April.
    5. Gabriel Hawawini & Donald B. Keim, "undated". "The Cross Section of Common Stock Returns: A Review of the Evidence and Some New Findings," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 7-97, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.

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