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Skewness and Kurtosis in Japanese Equity Returns: Empirical Evidence

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  • Aggarwal, Raj
  • Rao, Ramesh P
  • Hiraki, Takato

Abstract

In this paper, the distribution of equity returns on the Tokyo Stock Exchange is examined from 1965 to 1984, and significant and persistent skewness and kurtosis are found. The deviation of security returns from normality declines with increasing portfolio size and appears to be greater than the non-normality evidenced in U.S. security returns. Further, these deviations from normality persist even after controlling for January and firm size effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Aggarwal, Raj & Rao, Ramesh P & Hiraki, Takato, 1989. "Skewness and Kurtosis in Japanese Equity Returns: Empirical Evidence," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 12(3), pages 253-260, Fall.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfnres:v:12:y:1989:i:3:p:253-60
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kon, Stanley J, 1984. " Models of Stock Returns-A Comparison," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 39(1), pages 147-165, March.
    2. Rubinstein, Mark E., 1973. "The Fundamental Theorem of Parameter-Preference Security Valuation," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(01), pages 61-69, January.
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    7. Simkowitz, Michael A. & Beedles, William L., 1978. "Diversification in a Three-Moment World," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(05), pages 927-941, December.
    8. Singleton, J. Clay & Wingender, John, 1986. "Skewness Persistence in Common Stock Returns," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(03), pages 335-341, September.
    9. Beedles, Wiliam L. & Simkowitz, Michael A., 1980. "Morphology of asset asymmetry," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 457-468, December.
    10. Scott, Robert C & Horvath, Philip A, 1980. " On the Direction of Preference for Moments of Higher Order Than the Variance," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 35(4), pages 915-919, September.
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    12. William L. Beedles, 1984. "The Anomalous And Asymmetric Nature Of Equity Returns: An Empirical Synthesis," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 7(2), pages 151-160, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Raj Aggarwal & Reena Aggarwal, 1993. "Security Return Distributions And Market Structure: Evidence From The Nyse/Amex And The Nasdaq Markets," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 16(3), pages 209-220, September.
    2. Menezes, Carmen F. & Wang, X.Henry, 2005. "Increasing outer risk," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(7), pages 875-886, November.
    3. Tang, Gordon Y. N., 1997. "Impact of the day-of-the-week effect on diversification of exchange rate risks," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 35-51, February.
    4. Alexander Eastman & Brian Lucey, 2008. "Skewness and asymmetry in futures returns and volumes," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(10), pages 777-800.
    5. Hutson, Elaine & Kearney, Colm & Lynch, Margaret, 2008. "Volume and skewness in international equity markets," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1255-1268, July.
    6. A. Gregoriou & A. Kontonikas & N. Tsitsianis, 2004. "Does the day of the week effect exist once transaction costs have been accounted for? Evidence from the UK," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(3), pages 215-220.
    7. Ratner, Mitchell, 1996. "Investigating the behavior and characteristics of the Madrid Stock Exchange," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 135-149, January.
    8. Gordon Tang & Daniel Choi, 1998. "Impact of diversification on the distribution of stock returns: International evidence," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 22(2), pages 119-127, June.
    9. Panait, Iulian & Slavescu, Ecaterina Oana, 2012. "Skewness in stock returns: evidence from the Bucharest stock exchange during 2000 – 2011," MPRA Paper 38751, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Gordon Tang, 1998. "Monthly Pattern and Portfolio Effect on Higher Moments of Stock Returns: Empirical Evidence from Hong Kong," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer;Japanese Association of Financial Economics and Engineering, vol. 5(3), pages 275-307, November.
    11. Carlos MACHADO-SANTOS & Ana Cristina FERNANDES, 2005. "Skewness in Financial Returns: Evidence from the Portuguese Stock Market (in English)," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 55(9-10), pages 460-470, September.
    12. Grodecka, Anna & Kotidis, Antonis, 2016. "Double Liability in a Branch Banking System: Historical Evidence from Canada," Working Paper Series 316, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
    13. Fabio Pizzutilo, 2013. "The Distribution of the Returns of Japanese Stocks and Portfolios," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 3(9), pages 1249-1259, September.
    14. Aggarwal, Raj, 1995. "Microstructure of world trading markets: Hans R. Stoll, Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993, 154 pp," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 311-313.
    15. Chiao, Chaoshin & Hung, Ken & Srivastava, Suresh C., 2003. "Taiwan stock market and four-moment asset pricing model," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 355-381, October.
    16. repec:pal:jorsoc:v:58:y:2007:i:4:d:10.1057_palgrave.jors.2602168 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Constand, Richard L. & Pace, R. Daniel, 1998. "Another look at corporate ownership in Japan," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 127-147.

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