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The Development of Secondary Market Liquidity for NYSE-Listed IPOs

Author

Listed:
  • SHANE A. CORWIN
  • JEFFREY H. HARRIS
  • MARC L. LIPSON

Abstract

For NYSE-listed IPOs, limit order submissions and depth relative to volume are unusually low on the first trading day. Initial buy-side liquidity is higher for IPOs with high-quality underwriters, large syndicates, low insider sales, and high premarket demand, while sell-side liquidity is higher for IPOs that represent a large fraction of outstanding shares and have low premarket demand. Our results suggest that uncertainty and offer design affect initial liquidity, though order flow stabilizes quickly. We also find that submission strategies are influenced by expected underwriter stabilization and preopening order flow contains information about both initial prices and subsequent returns. Copyright 2004 by The American Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Shane A. Corwin & Jeffrey H. Harris & Marc L. Lipson, 2004. "The Development of Secondary Market Liquidity for NYSE-Listed IPOs," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 59(5), pages 2339-2374, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:59:y:2004:i:5:p:2339-2374
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Edwards, Amy K. & Hanley, Kathleen Weiss, 2010. "Short selling in initial public offerings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 98(1), pages 21-39, October.
    2. repec:dau:papers:123456789/8670 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Mouri, Nacef & Sarkar, M.B. & Frye, Melissa, 2012. "Alliance portfolios and shareholder value in post-IPO firms: The moderating roles of portfolio structure and firm-level uncertainty," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 355-371.
    4. Nesrine Bouzouita & Jean-François Gajewski & Carole Gresse, 2012. "Liquidity Benefits from IPO Underpricing : Ownership Dispersion or Information Effect," Post-Print hal-01632510, HAL.
    5. Jones, Steven L. & Yeoman, John C., 2014. "Initial uncertainty and the risk of setting a fixed-offer price: Implications for the pricing of bookbuilt and best-efforts IPOs," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 194-215.
    6. Anand, Amber & Irvine, Paul & Puckett, Andy & Venkataraman, Kumar, 2013. "Institutional trading and stock resiliency: Evidence from the 2007–2009 financial crisis," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(3), pages 773-797.
    7. Matthew Pritsker, 2006. "A fully-rational liquidity-based theory of IPO underpricing and underperformance," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2006-12, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    8. repec:dau:papers:123456789/3199 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:dau:papers:123456789/8776 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Mantecon, Tomas & Poon, Percy, 2009. "An analysis of the liquidity benefits provided by secondary markets," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 335-346, February.
    11. Gajewski, Jean-François & Gresse, Carole, 2006. "A Survey of the European IPO Market," ECMI Papers 1207, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    12. repec:eee:finana:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:25-53 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Nesrine Bouzouita & Jean-François Gajewski & Carole Gresse, 2015. "Liquidity Benefits from IPO Underpricing: Ownership Dispersion or Information Effect," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 44(4), pages 785-810, October.
    14. Tanya Gulati & S. K. Bose & Supriyo Roy, 2017. "Short selling restrictions in 2005–2009 in Indian market and underpricing of initial public offerings," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 41(1), pages 116-135, January.
    15. Charlie Charoenwong & David K. Ding & Tiong Yang Thong, 2016. "Decimalization, IPO aftermath, and liquidity," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 47(4), pages 1303-1344, November.
    16. Vithanage, Kulunu & Neupane, Suman & Chung, Richard, 2016. "Multiple lead underwriting syndicate and IPO pricing," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 193-208.
    17. Matt Pritsker, 2005. "A Fully-Rational Liquidity-Based Theory of IPO Underpricing and Underperformance," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 414, Society for Computational Economics.
    18. Steven Zheng & Joseph Ogden & Frank Jen, 2005. "Pursuing Value Through Liquidity in IPOs: Underpricing, Share Retention, Lockup, and Trading Volume Relationships," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 25(3), pages 293-312, November.
    19. repec:eee:glofin:v:34:y:2017:i:c:p:72-88 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Jos Van Bommel & Jay Dahya & Zhihong Shi, 2010. "An empirical investigation of the speed of information aggregation: a study of IPOs," International Journal of Banking, Accounting and Finance, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(1), pages 47-79.
    21. Boehmer, Ekkehart & Fishe, Raymond P. H., 2004. "Underwriter short covering in the IPO aftermarket: a clinical study," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 575-594, September.
    22. Arnab Bhattacharya & Binay Bhushan Chakrabarti, 2014. "An Examination of Adverse Selection Risk in Indian IPO After-Markets using High Frequency Data," International Journal of Economic Sciences, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2014(3), pages 01-49.

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