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Risk Reduction in Large Portfolios: Why Imposing the Wrong Constraints Helps

  • Ravi Jagannathan
  • Tongshu Ma

Green and Hollifield (1992) argue that the presence of a dominant factor would result in extreme negative weights in mean-variance efficient portfolios even in the absence of estimation errors. In that case, imposing no-short-sale constraints should hurt, whereas empirical evidence is often to the contrary. We reconcile this apparent contradiction. We explain why constraining portfolio weights to be nonnegative can reduce the risk in estimated optimal portfolios even when the constraints are wrong. Surprisingly, with no-short-sale constraints in place, the sample covariance matrix performs as well as covariance matrix estimates based on factor models, shrinkage estimators, and daily data. Copyright (c) 2003 by the American Finance Association.

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Article provided by American Finance Association in its journal The Journal of Finance.

Volume (Year): 58 (2003)
Issue (Month): 4 (08)
Pages: 1651-1684

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:58:y:2003:i:4:p:1651-1684
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