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Evidence on Price Stabilization and Underpricing in Early IPO Returns

Author

Listed:
  • Daniel Asquith

    (Deloitte & Touche,)

  • Jonathan D. Jones

    (Office of Thrift Supervision,)

  • Robert Kieschnick

    (Federal Communication Commission)

Abstract

Using data on 560 firm-commitment initial public offerings of common stock for the 1982-1983 period, we find that the cross-sectional distribution of one-day returns is modeled better as a mixture of two distributions, with the parameter estimates of one distribution being consistent with underpricing and the other with price stabilization. Further, the evidence that early IPO returns are drawn from a mixture distribution persists for at least four weeks. The implications of these results for the analysis of IPO returns are illustrated by examining the influence of a measure of ex ante price uncertainty on IPO pricing. Copyright The American Finance Association 1998.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Asquith & Jonathan D. Jones & Robert Kieschnick, 1998. "Evidence on Price Stabilization and Underpricing in Early IPO Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(5), pages 1759-1773, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:53:y:1998:i:5:p:1759-1773
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Zheng, Steven Xiaofan & Li, Mingsheng, 2008. "Underpricing, ownership dispersion, and aftermarket liquidity of IPO stocks," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 436-454, June.
    2. repec:eee:mulfin:v:42-43:y:2017:i::p:95-115 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Schlag, Christian & Wodrich, Anja, 2000. "Has there always been underpricing and long-run underperformance? IPOs in Germany before World War I," CFS Working Paper Series 2000/12, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    4. repec:dau:papers:123456789/8670 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:corfin:v:44:y:2017:i:c:p:34-47 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Reber, Beat & Vencappa, Dev, 2016. "Deliberate premarket underpricing and aftermarket mispricing: New insights on IPO pricing," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 18-33.
    7. Butler, Alexander W. & Keefe, Michael O'Connor & Kieschnick, Robert, 2014. "Robust determinants of IPO underpricing and their implications for IPO research," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 367-383.
    8. Oehler, Andreas & Rummer, Marco & Smith, Peter N., 2004. "The Existence and Effectiveness of Price Support Activities in Germany: A Note," Discussion Papers 30, University of Bamberg, Chair of Finance.
    9. Kaustia, Markku, 2004. "Market-wide impact of the disposition effect: evidence from IPO trading volume," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 207-235, February.
    10. Daniels, Kenneth N. & Vijayakumar, Jayaraman, 2007. "Does underwriter reputation matter in the municipal bond market?," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 59(6), pages 500-519.
    11. Gajewski, Jean-Fran├žois & Gresse, Carole, 2006. "A Survey of the European IPO Market," ECMI Papers 1207, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    12. Scott F. Rockart & Nilanjana Dutt, 2015. "The rate and potential of capability development trajectories," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(1), pages 53-75, January.
    13. Cook, Douglas O. & Kieschnick, Robert & Van Ness, Robert A., 2006. "On the marketing of IPOs," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 35-61, October.
    14. Yue-Cheong Chan & Congsheng Wu & Chuck Kwok, 2007. "Valuation of global IPOs: a stochastic frontier approach," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 29(3), pages 267-284, October.
    15. Clark Wheatley & Robert Brown & George Johnson, 2005. "Line-of-Business Disclosures and Spin-Off Announcement Returns," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 24(3), pages 277-293, May.
    16. Dimovski, William & Brooks, Robert, 2004. "Do you really want to ask an underwriter how much money you should leave on the table?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 267-280, July.
    17. Bajo, Emanuele & Barbi, Massimiliano & Petrella, Giovanni, 2017. "Do firms get what they pay for? A second thought on over-allotment option in IPOs," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 219-232.
    18. Jos Van Bommel & Jay Dahya & Zhihong Shi, 2010. "An empirical investigation of the speed of information aggregation: a study of IPOs," International Journal of Banking, Accounting and Finance, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(1), pages 47-79.
    19. Boehmer, Ekkehart & Fishe, Raymond P. H., 2004. "Underwriter short covering in the IPO aftermarket: a clinical study," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 575-594, September.
    20. Ben Sopranzetti & Emilio Venezian & Xiaoli Wang, 2006. "The Market for New Issues: Impact of Offering Price on Price Support and Underpricing," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 165-176, March.

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