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Does the Stock Market Overreact to Corporate Earnings Information?

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  • Zarowin, Paul

Abstract

This paper tests whether the stock market overreacts to extreme earnings, by examining firms' stock returns over the thirty-six months subsequent to extreme earnings years. While the poorest earners do outperform the best earners, the poorest earners are also significantly smaller than the best earners. When poor earners are matched with good earners of equal size, there is little evidence of differential performance. This suggests that size, and not investor overreaction to earnings, is responsible for the "overreaction" phenomenon, the tendency for prior period losers to outperform prior period winners in the subsequent period. Copyright 1989 by American Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Zarowin, Paul, 1989. " Does the Stock Market Overreact to Corporate Earnings Information?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 44(5), pages 1385-1399, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:44:y:1989:i:5:p:1385-99
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    1. repec:kap:iaecre:v:12:y:2006:i:3:p:318-326 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Bartholdy, Jan, 1998. "Changes in earnings-price ratios and excess returns: A case of investor over-reaction," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 237-252.
    3. Mynhardt, H. R. & Plastun, Alex, 2013. "The Overreaction Hypothesis: The Case of Ukrainian Stock Market," MPRA Paper 58941, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Cornell, Bradford, 2000. "Valuing Intel: A Strange Tale of Analysts and Announcements," University of California at Los Angeles, Anderson Graduate School of Management qt4dm1h6qh, Anderson Graduate School of Management, UCLA.
    5. Nam, Kiseok & Pyun, Chong Soo & Avard, Stephen L., 2001. "Asymmetric reverting behavior of short-horizon stock returns: An evidence of stock market overreaction," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 807-824, April.
    6. Trabelsi, Mohamed Ali, 2008. "Sur-réaction sur le marché tunisien des actions : une investigation empirique
      [Overreaction on the Tunisian stock market: an empirical test]
      ," MPRA Paper 76925, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Luis Gil-Alana & Alex Plastun, 2018. "Short-Term Price Overreactions: Identification, Testing, Exploitation," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 51(4), pages 913-940, April.
    8. Gabriel Hawawini & Donald B. Keim, "undated". "The Cross Section of Common Stock Returns: A Review of the Evidence and Some New Findings," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 7-97, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
    9. Razvan Stefanescu & Ramona Dumitriu, 2016. "Contrarian and Momentum Profits during Periods of High Trading Volume preceded by Stock Prices Shocks," Risk in Contemporary Economy, "Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, pages 378-384.
    10. Liu, Chao-Shin & Ziebart, David A., 1999. "Anomalous security price behavior following management earnings forecasts," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 405-429, October.
    11. Zivney, Terry L. & Bertin, William J. & Torabzadeh, Khalil M., 1996. "Overreaction to takeover speculation," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 89-115.
    12. Achim Himmelmann & Dirk Schiereck & Marc Simpson & Moritz Zschoche, 2012. "Long-term reactions to large stock price declines and increases in the European stock market: a note on market efficiency," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 36(2), pages 400-423, April.
    13. Alexander Ludwig & Alexander Zimper, 2013. "A decision-theoretic model of asset-price underreaction and overreaction to dividend news," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 9(4), pages 625-665, November.
    14. Nam, Kiseok & Pyun, Chong Soo & Arize, Augustine C., 2002. "Asymmetric mean-reversion and contrarian profits: ANST-GARCH approach," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 9(5), pages 563-588, December.
    15. Trabelsi, Mohamed Ali, 2008. "Sur-réaction sur le marché tunisien des actions : une investigation empirique
      [Overreaction on the Tunisian stock market: an empirical test]
      ," MPRA Paper 26751, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Gunaratne, P. S. M. & Yonesawa, Y., 1997. "Return reversals in the Tokyo Stock Exchange: A test of stock market overreaction," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 363-384, August.
    17. Foort, HAMELINK, 1998. "Systematic Patterns Before and After Large Price Changes: Evidence from High Frequency Data from the Paris Bourse," Les Cahiers de Recherche 655, HEC Paris.
    18. Barberis, Nicholas & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert, 1998. "A model of investor sentiment," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 307-343, September.
    19. Kiseok Nam & Sei-Wan Kim & Augustine. Arize, 2006. "Mean Reversion of Short-Horizon Stock Returns: Asymmetry Property," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 137-163, March.
    20. Boubaker, Sabri & Farag, Hisham & Nguyen, Duc Khuong, 2015. "Short-term overreaction to specific events: Evidence from an emerging market," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 153-165.
    21. Tuttle, Brad & Coller, Maribeth & Burton, F. Greg, 1997. "An examination of market efficiency: Information order effects in a laboratory market," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 89-103, January.
    22. Shuhong Kong & Majid Taghavi, 2006. "The Effect of Annual Earnings Announcements on the Chinese Stock Markets," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 12(3), pages 318-326, August.
    23. Li, Jun & Yu, Jianfeng, 2012. "Investor attention, psychological anchors, and stock return predictability," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(2), pages 401-419.
    24. Trabelsi, Mohamed Ali, 2010. "Choix de portefeuille: comparaison des différentes stratégies
      [Portfolio selection: comparison of different strategies]
      ," MPRA Paper 82946, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Dec 2010.
    25. Soner AKKOC & Nasif OZKAN, 2013. "An Empirical Investigation of the Uncertain Information Hypothesis: Evidence From Borsa Istanbul," Journal of BRSA Banking and Financial Markets, Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency, vol. 7(2), pages 101-119.

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