What Is Antidumping Policy Really About?
Dumping is whatever you can get the government to act against under the antidumping law. J. Michael Finger (1993). Antidumping policy has become one of the most important instruments for protection in the international trade system, but at the same time it is the subject of an intense, though rather chaotic, debate. This paper provides an overview of the antidumping literature and the current issues. First it describes the origins of antidumping policy and provides some basic statistics on its current use drawn from several empirical studies. Next the paper discusses the economic foundations of antidumping law by examining the traditional and modern theories of dumping, as well as the industrial organization literature on price discrimination and predatory pricing. It is demonstrated that those economic foundations are weak. The paper also considers the fairness rationales for antidumping policy. Finally, it addresses the criticisms of antidumping laws, in particular in the context of the current antidumping versus competition policy debate, and discusses a variety of proposals for reform that have been made. The paper shows that the 1997 "cease fire" agreement between Canada and Chile is a promising approach toward reform of antidumping policy. Copyright 2000 by Blackwell Publishers Ltd
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Volume (Year): 14 (2000)
Issue (Month): 4 (September)
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