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The Open Method of Co-ordination: A Way to the Europeanization of Social and Employment Policies?

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  • MARTIN HEIDENREICH
  • GABRIELE BISCHOFF

Abstract

The open method of co-ordination (OMC) can contribute to the co-ordinated modernization of the national systems of employment and social protection in Europe, if it is institutionalized in a relatively stable way at the European level and if the European processes can influence effectively the national reform strategies. The first challenge was met successfully by the bureaucratization, codification and formalization of some co-ordination processes at the European level. These processes can be interpreted as the institutionalization of a social field. The second challenge refers to the need for an effective coupling between the European and the national arenas. Currently, the most important way of coupling these two social fields is based on mutual learning. Given the limitations of such a predominantly cognitive coupling, the Commission can either enforce the 'national ownership' of the co-ordination processes, improve the mutual learning processes or strengthen the strategic ('financial incentives') and normative ('legal obligations') forms of coupling between the European and national social fields. Copyright (c) 2008 The Author(s). Journal compilation (c) 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Heidenreich & Gabriele Bischoff, 2008. "The Open Method of Co-ordination: A Way to the Europeanization of Social and Employment Policies?," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46, pages 497-532, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jcmkts:v:46:y:2008:i::p:497-532
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ferrera, Maurizio, 2005. "The Boundaries of Welfare: European Integration and the New Spatial Politics of Social Protection," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199284672.
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    Cited by:

    1. Braun, Sebastian & Spielmann, Christian, 2012. "Wage subsidies and international trade: When does policy coordination pay?," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 6, pages 1-42.
    2. Wang, Jinxian & Van Vliet, Olaf & Goudswaard, Kees, 2015. "Social assistance benefits and European coordination," MPRA Paper 66147, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Sotirios Zartaloudis, 2013. "Wielding Soft Power in a World of Neglect: The Europeanization of Greek and Portuguese Public Employment Services," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(6), pages 1178-1195, November.
    4. Nicky Rogge, 2017. "Measuring the impact of the economic crisis on the level of change in EU social inclusion: period 2005–2012," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 47(2), pages 103-116, April.
    5. Jörg Paetzold & Olaf Van Vliet, 2014. "EU Co-Ordination and the Convergence of Domestic Unemployment Protection Schemes," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(5), pages 1070-1089, September.
    6. repec:spr:soinre:v:135:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11205-016-1504-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:bla:jcmkts:v:55:y:2017:i:4:p:889-908 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Kyriakos Moumoutzis & Sotirios Zartaloudis, 2016. "Europeanization Mechanisms and Process Tracing: A Template for Empirical Research," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(2), pages 337-352, March.

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