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Insider Trading and Earnings Management

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  • Julia Sawicki
  • Keshab Shrestha

Abstract

This paper analyzes the relationship between earnings management and insider trading, specifically investigating whether discretionary accruals are related to insider trading and valuation. We find strong evidence of insiders managing earnings downward when buying and managing earnings upward when selling. On the marginal basis, value (high book-to-market value) firms manage their earnings upward compared to growth (low book-to-market value) firms, consistent with a signaling hypothesis. However, the opposite is true on the average basis, consistent with an opportunistic hypothesis. Copyright (c) 2008 The Authors Journal compilation (c) 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Julia Sawicki & Keshab Shrestha, 2008. "Insider Trading and Earnings Management," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(3-4), pages 331-346.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jbfnac:v:35:y:2008-04:i:3-4:p:331-346
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Julia Sawicki & Keshab Shrestha, 2014. "Misvaluation and Insider Trading Incentives for Accrual-based and Real Earnings Management," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(7-8), pages 926-949, September.
    2. repec:spr:manint:v:55:y:2015:i:5:d:10.1007_s11575-015-0249-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Xiao, Gang, 2015. "Trading and earnings management: Evidence from China's non-tradable share reform," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 67-90.
    4. Esther B. Brio & Ilidio Lopes-e-Silva & Javier Perote, 2016. "Effects of opportunistic behaviors on security markets: an experimental approach to insider trading and earnings management," Economia Politica: Journal of Analytical and Institutional Economics, Springer;Fondazione Edison, vol. 33(3), pages 379-402, December.
    5. Kraft, Anastasia & Lee, Bong Soo & Lopatta, Kerstin, 2014. "Management earnings forecasts, insider trading, and information asymmetry," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 96-123.
    6. Chiu, Yung-Chin & Liang, Woan-lih, 2015. "Do firms manipulate earnings before accelerated share repurchases?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 86-95.
    7. Firth, Michael & Leung, T.Y. & Rui, Oliver M., 2010. "Double signals or single signal? An investigation of insider trading around share repurchases," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 376-388, October.
    8. Pelucio-Grecco, Marta Cristina & Geron, Cecília Moraes Santostaso & Grecco, Gerson Begas & Lima, João Paulo Cavalcante, 2014. "The effect of IFRS on earnings management in Brazilian non-financial public companies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 42-66.
    9. Ching-Chieh Tsai & Chi-Cheng Wu & Ruey-Dang Chang, 2012. "Effects of Overvalued Equity and Managerial Incentives on Corporate Policy," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 74-87, January.
    10. Ching-Chieh Tsai & Chi-Cheng Wu & Ruey-Dang Chang, 2012. "Effects of Overvalued Equity and Managerial Incentives on Corporate Policy," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 74-87, January.
    11. Weitzel, Utz & Kling, Gerhard, 2012. "Sold below value? Why some targets accept very low and even negative takeover premiums," MPRA Paper 42832, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Robert M. Hull & Sungkyu Kwak & Rosemary L. Walker, 2016. "Insider behavior and R&D changes around seasoned equity offerings," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 40(2), pages 258-276, April.
    13. Tang, Hui-wen & Chen, Anlin & Chang, Chong-Chuo, 2013. "Insider trading, accrual abuse, and corporate governance in emerging markets — Evidence from Taiwan," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 132-155.

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