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What Role Taxes and Regulation? A Second Look at Open Market Share Buyback Activity in the UK

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  • Dennis Oswald
  • Steven Young

Abstract

This paper re-examines the evidence on open market share repurchase activity reported by Rau and Vermaelen (2002) for the UK. Using data from the Securities Data Corporation (SDC), Rau and Vermaelen conclude that the level of repurchase activity is trivial. They attribute the low repurchase volume to regulatory restrictions that limit companies' ability to take advantage of an undervalued stock price and conclude that the bulk of repurchase activity that does occur is driven by the desire to generate tax credits for pension funds. Using data collected from a variety of sources, we find that the SDC substantially understates UK open market buyback activity. Based on our more comprehensive dataset we conclude that (a) pension funds' tax considerations are not the primary cause of UK share repurchases and (b) despite the prevailing regulatory environment, underpricing still represents an important determinant of repurchase activity. Copyright Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 2004.

Suggested Citation

  • Dennis Oswald & Steven Young, 2004. "What Role Taxes and Regulation? A Second Look at Open Market Share Buyback Activity in the UK," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(1-2), pages 257-292.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jbfnac:v:31:y:2004-01:i:1-2:p:257-292
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    Cited by:

    1. Chuan-Hao Hsu & Hung-Gay Fung & Yi-Ping Chang, 2016. "The performance of Taiwanese firms after a share repurchase announcement," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 47(4), pages 1251-1269, November.
    2. Andriosopoulos, Dimitris & Hoque, Hafiz, 2013. "The determinants of share repurchases in Europe," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 65-76.
    3. Ken Yook & Partha Gangopadhyay, 2011. "A comprehensive examination of the wealth effects of recent stock repurchase announcements," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 37(4), pages 509-529, November.
    4. Renneboog, L.D.R. & Trojanowski, G., 2005. "Patterns in Payout Policy and Payout Channel Choice of UK Firms in the 1990s," Discussion Paper 2005-22, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    5. Nai-Hui Su & Chan-Jane Lin, 2012. "The Impact of Open-Market Share Repurchases on Long-Term Stock Returns: Evidence from the Taiwanese Market," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 200-229, July.
    6. Andrew Vivian, 2007. "The UK Equity Premium: 1901-2004," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(9-10), pages 1496-1527.
    7. Warwick Anderson & Wen Kang, 2018. "The Relative Announcement Effects of Ordinary Dividends, Special Dividends and Share Buybacks in New Zealand," Working Papers in Economics 18/02, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
    8. Andriosopoulos, Dimitris & Lasfer, Meziane, 2015. "The market valuation of share repurchases in Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 327-339.
    9. Geiler, Philipp & Renneboog, Luc, 2015. "Taxes, earnings payout, and payout channel choice," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 178-203.
    10. Renneboog, Luc & Trojanowski, Grzegorz, 2011. "Patterns in payout policy and payout channel choice," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 1477-1490, June.
    11. Firth, Michael & Leung, T.Y. & Rui, Oliver M., 2010. "Double signals or single signal? An investigation of insider trading around share repurchases," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 376-388, October.
    12. Carol Padgett & Zhiqi Wang, "undated". "Short-Term Returns of UK Share Buyback Activity," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2007-10, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    13. Luc Renneboog & Grzegorz Trojanowski, 2007. "Control structures and payout policy," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 33(1), pages 43-64, January.
    14. Farrugia, Damien & Graham, Michael & Yawson, Alfred, 2011. "Economic conditions and the motives for multiple open-market share buybacks," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 156-168, June.
    15. Jung, Sung-Chang & Lee, Yong-Gyo & Thornton, John Jr., 2005. "An empirical comparison between operations of stabilization funds and stock repurchases in Korea," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 319-341, June.
    16. Rohit Sonika & Nicholas F. Carline & Mark B. Shackleton, 2014. "The Option and Decision to Repurchase Stock," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 43(4), pages 833-855, December.
    17. De Ridder, Adri, 2015. "Additional evidence on the frequency of share repurchases and managerial timing," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 154-164.
    18. Nai-Hui Su & Chan-Jane Lin, 2012. "The Impact of Open-Market Share Repurchases on Long-Term Stock Returns: Evidence from the Taiwanese Market," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 200-229, July.
    19. De Cesari, Amedeo & Ozkan, Neslihan, 2015. "Executive incentives and payout policy: Empirical evidence from Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 70-91.
    20. Ji, Philip Inyeob, 2016. "Is corporate payout taxation a long run phenomenon? Evidence from international data," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 84-100.
    21. Trojanowski, G., 2004. "Ownership structure as a mechanism of corporate governance," Other publications TiSEM 5dbc874d-d1d0-44a5-9717-8, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    22. Dimitris Andriosopoulos & Chrysovalantis Gaganis & Fotios Pasiouras, 2016. "Prediction of open market share repurchases and portfolio returns: evidence from France, Germany and the UK," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 387-416, February.
    23. Yook, Ken C., 2010. "Long-run stock performance following stock repurchases," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 323-331, August.
    24. Andriosopoulos, Dimitris & Andriosopoulos, Kostas & Hoque, Hafiz, 2013. "Information disclosure, CEO overconfidence, and share buyback completion rates," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5486-5499.

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