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Corporate Takeovers: Mode of Payment, Returns and Trading Activity


  • Paul Draper

    (University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh,UK,)

  • Krishna Paudyal


This paper examines the impact of takeover bids and, in particular, the method of payment to the shareholders of the target firms on the returns, trading activity and bid-ask spreads of target and bidding firms traded on the London Stock Exchange. It suggests that the shareholders of target firms benefit substantially from takeover activity while the shareholders of bidding firms do not suffer. The combined value of the firms engaged in takeover activity increases by a small percentage during the event period. However, the benefit from a takeover announcement to the shareholders of the target firm varies from year to year and has declined in the recent past. The magnitude of excess returns available to the shareholders is also dependent on the mode of payment. Prices of target (bidding) firms increase (decrease) most if the shareholders of the target firms are given an option to receive payment in shares or in cash. The findings also reveal that during the event period trading activity in target and bidding companies increases depending on the form in which payments to shareholders are made. In response to this increased liquidity, the bid-ask spreads of target and bidding firms decline during the event period. Copyright Blackwell Publishers Ltd 1999.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Draper & Krishna Paudyal, 1999. "Corporate Takeovers: Mode of Payment, Returns and Trading Activity," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(5&6), pages 521-558.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jbfnac:v:26:y:1999-06:i:5&6:p:521-558

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    Cited by:

    1. Shams, Syed M.M. & Gunasekarage, Abeyratna & Colombage, Sisira R.N., 2013. "Does the organisational form of the target influence market reaction to acquisition announcements? Australian evidence," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 89-108.
    2. repec:eee:jiaata:v:21:y:2012:i:2:p:185-197 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:taf:acctbr:v:31:y:2000:i:1:p:57-69 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Chuang, Kai-Shi, 2017. "Corporate life cycle, investment banks and shareholder wealth in M&As," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 122-134.
    5. Jackson, Gregory, 2010. "Understanding corporate governance in the United States: An historical and theoretical reassessment," Arbeitspapiere 223, Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, Düsseldorf.
    6. Sharma, Abhijit & Raat, Erwin, 2016. "Acquiring control in emerging markets: Foreign acquisitions in Eastern Europe and the effect on shareholder wealth," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 153-169.
    7. repec:kap:rqfnac:v:51:y:2018:i:4:d:10.1007_s11156-017-0694-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Manapol Ekkayokkaya & Phil Holmes & Krishna Paudyal, 2009. "Limited Information and the Sustainability of Unlisted-Target Acquirers' Returns," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(9-10), pages 1201-1227.
    9. Clements, Marcus & Singh, Harminder, 2011. "An analysis of trading in target stocks before successful takeover announcements," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 1-17, February.
    10. Jan Bo Jakobsen & Torben Voetmann, 2003. "Post-acquisition performance in the short and long run. Evidence from the Copenhagen Stock Exchange 1993-1997," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(4), pages 323-342.
    11. repec:eee:empfin:v:45:y:2018:i:c:p:108-125 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Manapol Ekkayokkaya & Phil Holmes & Krishna Paudyal, 2009. "The Euro and the Changing Face of European Banking: Evidence from Mergers and Acquisitions," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 15(2), pages 451-476, March.
    13. Hicham SBAI, 2017. "Les déterminants de la destruction de valeur à court terme pour l'entreprise acquéreuse," Journal of Academic Finance, RED research unit, university of Gabes, Tunisia, vol. 8(2), December.
    14. Sudi Sudarsanam & Ghulam Sorwar, 2010. "Determinants of Takeover Premium in Cash Offers: An Option Pricing Approach," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(5-6), pages 687-714.
    15. Martin Bugeja & Raymond Da Silva Rosa, 2010. "Capital gains taxation and shareholder wealth in takeovers," Accounting and Finance, Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 50(2), pages 241-262, June.
    16. Jerry Coakley & Stavroula Iliopoulou, 2006. "Bidder CEO and Other Executive Compensation in UK M&As," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 12(4), pages 609-631, September.
    17. Yuan Gao & Derek Oler, 2012. "Rumors and pre-announcement trading: why sell target stocks before acquisition announcements?," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 39(4), pages 485-508, November.

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