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An Overview of the Crisis: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions-super-

  • FRANKLIN ALLEN
  • ELENA CARLETTI

What caused the crisis? Initially many thought that it was due to incentive problems in the U.S. mortgage industry. However, after the large economic meltdown following Lehman Brothers' bankruptcy in September 2008, it seems that much more was going on. We argue that there was a bubble in real estate prices in the United States and a number of other countries. The main causes of the bubble were loose monetary policy, particularly by the United States Federal Reserve, and global imbalances. The combination of cheap credit together with the easy availability of funds contributed to create the bubble. Many other factors such as subprime mortgages, weak regulatory structures, and high leverage in the banking sector exacerbated the effects of the crisis. We consider possible reforms aimed at minimizing the occurrence of future crises in the governance structure of central banks, measures to reduce global imbalances, and changes in banking regulation. Copyright (c) 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation (c) International Review of Finance Ltd. 2010.

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Article provided by International Review of Finance Ltd. in its journal International Review of Finance.

Volume (Year): 10 (2010)
Issue (Month): s1 ()
Pages: 1-26

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Handle: RePEc:bla:irvfin:v:10:y:2010:i:s1:p:1-26
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  1. Reinhart, Carmen M. & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2009. "The Aftermath of Financial Crises," CEPR Discussion Papers 7209, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2008. "This Time is Different: A Panoramic View of Eight Centuries of Financial Crises," CEMA Working Papers 595, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  3. Guillaume Plantin & Haresh Sapra & Hyun Shin, . "Marking to Market: Panacea or Pandora’s Box ?," GSIA Working Papers 2005-E4, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business.
  4. Allen, Franklin & Carletti, Elena & Gale, Douglas, 2009. "Interbank market liquidity and central bank intervention," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(5), pages 639-652, July.
  5. Reinhart, Carmen M. & Rogoff, Kenneth S., 2013. "Banking crises: An equal opportunity menace," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4557-4573.
  6. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009. "This Time Is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 8973, March.
  7. Elena Loukoianova & Gianni De Nicoló & John H. Boyd, 2009. "Banking Crises and Crisis Dating; Theory and Evidence," IMF Working Papers 09/141, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Markus K. Brunnermeier, 2009. "Deciphering the Liquidity and Credit Crunch 2007-2008," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 23(1), pages 77-100, Winter.
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