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How Do Banks Determine Capital? Evidence from Germany

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  • Volker Kleff
  • Martin Weber

Abstract

We analyse whether the determinants of capital found in the previous literature hold for the special German banking sector comprising three characteristic banking groups including savings banks, cooperative banks and other banks, which differ regarding their ownership and their access to the capital market. Through the use of accounting data from German banks between 1992 and 2001 we find evidence in accordance with the buffer theory of capital for all German banking groups. Furthermore, we also detect some remarkable differences between the three banking groups regarding their determination of capital due to institutional characteristics. Copyright 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation Verein für Socialpolitik and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2008.

Suggested Citation

  • Volker Kleff & Martin Weber, 2008. "How Do Banks Determine Capital? Evidence from Germany," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 9, pages 354-372, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:germec:v:9:y:2008:i::p:354-372
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
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    5. Shrieves, Ronald E. & Dahl, Drew, 2003. "Discretionary accounting and the behavior of Japanese banks under financial duress," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(7), pages 1219-1243, July.
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    7. Jacques, Kevin & Nigro, Peter, 1997. "Risk-based capital, portfolio risk, and bank capital: A simultaneous equations approach," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 49(6), pages 533-547.
    8. Shrieves, Ronald E. & Dahl, Drew, 1992. "The relationship between risk and capital in commercial banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 439-457, April.
    9. Tolga Ediz & Ian Michael & William Perraudin, 1998. "The impact of capital requirements on U.K. bank behaviour," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Oct, pages 15-22.
    10. Aggarwal, Raj & Jacques, Kevin T., 2001. "The impact of FDICIA and prompt corrective action on bank capital and risk: Estimates using a simultaneous equations model," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 1139-1160, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alessandra Dal Colle, 2011. "Finance–growth nexus: does causality withstand financial liberalization? Evidence from cointegrated VAR," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 127-154, August.
    2. Christina Nicolas & Tammuz H. Alraheb & Amine Tarazi, 2017. "Institutional Environment and Bank Capital Ratios," Working Papers 1147, Economic Research Forum, revised 10 2003.
    3. Weißbach, Rafael & Walter, Ronja, 2010. "A likelihood ratio test for stationarity of rating transitions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 155(2), pages 188-194, April.
    4. repec:mbr:jmonec:v:8:y:2013:i:1:p:141-167 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Memmel, Christoph & Raupach, Peter, 2010. "How do banks adjust their capital ratios?," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 509-528, October.
    6. Andreas Dombret & André Ebner, 2013. "Default of Systemically Important Financial Intermediaries: Short-term Stability versus Incentive Compatibility?," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 14(1), pages 15-30, February.
    7. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:442-453 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:eee:riibaf:v:41:y:2017:i:c:p:90-104 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Odunayo Magret Olarewaju & Joseph Olorunfemi Akande, 2016. "An Empirical Analysis of Capital Adequacy Determinants in Nigerian Banking Sector," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 8(12), pages 132-142, December.

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