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Economic transition and elections in Poland

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  • John E. Jackson
  • Jacek Klich
  • Krystyna Poznanska

Abstract

Poland's economic and political transition, one of the most successful, has depended very heavily on job creation in new firms to replace the jobs lost in the formerly state-owned enterprises. This paper uses survey and aggregate data from three Polish elections to suggest that these de novo firms, the individuals they employ, and the residents in the local areas where they exist become an important constituency supporting pro-reform political parties and constraining the actions of parties less sympathetic to the reforms. The creation of this political constituency helps explain how countries can successfully pursue both economic and political reforms. Copyright (c)The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2003..

Suggested Citation

  • John E. Jackson & Jacek Klich & Krystyna Poznanska, 2003. "Economic transition and elections in Poland," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 11(1), pages 41-66, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:etrans:v:11:y:2003-03:i:1:p:41-66
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jackson, John E. & Klich, Jacek & Poznanska, Krystyna, 2003. "Democratic Institutions and Economic Reform: The Polish Case," British Journal of Political Science, Cambridge University Press, vol. 33(01), pages 85-108, January.
    2. Stepan Jurajda & Katherine Terrell, 2001. "What Drives the Speed of Job Reallocation during Episodes of Massive Adjustment?," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp170, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
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    Cited by:

    1. Doyle, Orla & Fidrmuc, Jan, 2006. "Who favors enlargement?: Determinants of support for EU membership in the candidate countries' referenda," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 520-543, June.
    2. Frye, Timothy, 2006. "Ownership, voting, and job creation in Russia," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 452-471, June.
    3. Merlevede, Bruno & Schoors, Koen, 2005. "On the speed of economic reform : tale of the tortoise and the hare," BOFIT Discussion Papers 11/2005, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    4. Smeets, Valerie & Warzynski, Frederic, 2006. "Job creation, job destruction and voting behavior in Poland," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 503-519, June.
    5. Fałkowski, Jan, 2016. "Promoting change or preserving the status quo? - the consequences of dominating local politics by agricultural interests. Some evidence on structural change in Poland during the transition period," 149th Seminar, October 27-28, 2016, Rennes, France 245115, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    6. Begovic, Boris & Paunovic, Marko, 2011. "Political support for enterprise restructuring and voting in Serbia," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 171-180, March.
    7. Barlow, David & Radulescu, Roxana, 2005. "The sequencing of reform in transition economies," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 835-850, December.
    8. Sergiu Gherghina & George Jiglău, 2013. "Outside the Government: Why Ethnic Parties Fail to Join the Post-Communist Cabinets," Working Papers 335, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).
    9. Kim, Byung-Yeon & Pirttila, Jukka, 2006. "Political constraints and economic reform: Empirical evidence from the post-communist transition in the 1990s," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 446-466, September.
    10. Mach, Bogdan W. & Jackson, John E., 2006. "Employment change, attitude evolution and voting during Poland's transition: Longitudinal evidence," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 472-502, June.
    11. Neher, Frank, 2011. "Markets wanted: Expectation overshooting in transition," Discussion Papers 2011/1, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    12. Rovelli, Riccardo & Zaiceva, Anzelika, 2009. "Transition Fatigue? Cross-Country Evidence from Micro Data," IZA Discussion Papers 4224, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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