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The two pillars of the European Central Bank

  • Stefan Gerlach

type="main" xml:lang="en"> I interpret the European Central Bank's two-pillar strategy by proposing an empirical model for inflation that distinguishes between the short- and long-run components of inflation. The latter component depends on an exponentially weighted moving average of past monetary growth and the former on the output gap. Estimates for the 1971–2003 period suggest that money can be combined with other indicators to form the ‘broadly based assessment of the outlook for future price developments’ that constitutes the ECB's second pillar. However, the analysis does not suggest that money should be treated differently from other indicators. While money is a useful policy indicator, all relevant indicators should be assessed in an integrated manner, and a separate pillar focused on monetary aggregates does not appear necessary. —Stefan Gerlach

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Article provided by CEPR & CES & MSH in its journal Economic Policy.

Volume (Year): 19 (2004)
Issue (Month): 40 (October)
Pages: 389-439

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Handle: RePEc:bla:ecpoli:v:19:y:2004:i:40:p:389-439
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