IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Real capital market integration in the EU: How far has it gone? What will the effect of the euro be?

Listed author(s):
  • Georges de Ménil

Much effort has been devoted to the study of financial market integration in Europe. Little is known, however, about real capital market integration - the degree to which plants and equipment move to take advantage of locally high returns. This paper looks at the evidence. An analysis of flows of foreign direct investment in Europe shows that integration was quite limited in the early 1980s, but has increased considerably since then. Another analysis looks at rates of return of a large number of firms. It reveals that country-specific factors play a significant role in explaining corporate returns, even after taking risk into account. This finding is incompatible with the CAPM definition of market integration. The view that integration is limited in Europe is further strengthened when the same approach is carried out for the USA and Canada. Part of the national specificity appears to be related to labour and goods market regulations, which harm firms profitability. If, by introducing more transparency and eliminating currency risk, EMU strengthens competition on the real capital market, one obvious economic benefit will be a more rational and efficient use of capital, but the most important potential consequences are political. Special-interest regulations of an exclusively national nature will not survive. They will either fall in a wave of internationalist liberalization, or become embedded in 'harmonized' regulations at the federal level. A reduction in excessive regulatory burdens, notably in the labour market, could lead to substantial and shared productivity gains. Copyright Centre for Economic Policy Research, Centre for Economic Studies, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme 1999.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
File Function: link to full text
Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

Article provided by CEPR & CES & MSH in its journal Economic Policy.

Volume (Year): 14 (1999)
Issue (Month): 28 (04)
Pages: 165-201

in new window

Handle: RePEc:bla:ecpoli:v:14:y:1999:i:28:p:165-201
Contact details of provider: Postal:
3rd Floor, 77 Bastwick Street, London EC1V 3PZ

Phone: +44 (0)20 7183 8801
Fax: +44 (0)20 7183 8820
Web page:

More information through EDIRC


Schackstr. 4, 80539 Munich

Phone: +49 (89) 2180-2748
Fax: +49 (89) 39 73 03
Web page:

More information through EDIRC


48 boulevard Jourdan - 75014 Paris

Phone: 01 43 13 63 00
Fax: 01 43 13 63 10
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

Order Information: Web:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bla:ecpoli:v:14:y:1999:i:28:p:165-201. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing)

or (Christopher F. Baum)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.