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Proposal For A New Measure Of Corruption, Illustrated With Italian Data


  • Miriam A. Golden
  • Lucio Picci


Standard cross-national measures of corruption are assembled through surveys. We propose a novel alternative objective measure that consists of the difference between a measure of the physical quantities of public infrastructure and the cumulative price government pays for public capital stocks. Where the difference is larger between the monies spent and the existing physical infrastructure, more money is being siphoned off to mismanagement, fraud, bribes, kickbacks, and embezzlement; that is, corruption is greater. We create this measure for Italy's 95 provinces and 20 regions as of the mid-1990s, controlling at the regional level for possible differences in the costs of public construction. Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2005.

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  • Miriam A. Golden & Lucio Picci, 2005. "Proposal For A New Measure Of Corruption, Illustrated With Italian Data," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17, pages 37-75, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ecopol:v:17:y:2005:i::p:37-75

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Chong-En Bai & Shang-Jin Wei, 2000. "Quality of Bureaucracy and Open-Economy Macro Policies," NBER Working Papers 7766, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    8. Beck, Thorsten & Clarke, George & Groff, Alberto & Keefer, Philip & Walsh, Patrick, 2000. "New tools and new tests in comparative political economy - the database of political institutions," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2283, The World Bank.
    9. Abhijit V. Banerjee, 1997. "A Theory of Misgovernance," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(4), pages 1289-1332.
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