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Unpaid Work

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  • Bell, David N F
  • Hart, Robert A

Abstract

A substantial number of employees work additional noncontract hours for no pay. The authors advance several economic explanations for this phenomenon. Empirical work is based on the U.K. Labour Force Survey for 1993/94. The authors establish the quantitative importance of unpaid work on overtime hours and hourly earnings for both males and females. They demonstrate, via Mincer wage growth equations, that accounting for unpaid work leads to significantly revised estimates of returns to education, experience, and tenure. The authors test a number of hypotheses arising from their economic discussion using Tobit regressions of unpaid overtime. For comparative purposes, the authors also estimate equations of paid overtime. Copyright 1999 by The London School of Economics and Political Science

Suggested Citation

  • Bell, David N F & Hart, Robert A, 1999. "Unpaid Work," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 66(262), pages 271-290, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:econom:v:66:y:1999:i:262:p:271-90
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Simon Gachter & Ernst Fehr, 2000. "Cooperation and Punishment in Public Goods Experiments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 980-994, September.
    2. Theodore C. Bergstrom, 2001. "Free Labour for Costly Journals?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 183-198, Fall.
    3. Kachelmeier, Steven J. & Limberg, Stephen T. & Schadewald, Michael S., 1991. "Fairness in markets: A laboratory investigation," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 447-464, September.
    4. Miller, Kenneth E & Sturdivant, Frederick D, 1977. " Consumer Responses to Socially Questionable Corporate Behavior: An Empirical Test," Journal of Consumer Research, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 1-7, June.
    5. repec:cdl:ucsbec:16-01 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Franciosi, Robert, et al, 1995. "Fairness: Effect on Temporary and Equilibrium Prices in Posted-Offer Markets," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(431), pages 938-950, July.
    7. Sen, Sankar & Gurhan-Canli, Zeynep & Morwitz, Vicki, 2001. " Withholding Consumption: A Social Dilemma Perspective on Consumer Boycotts," Journal of Consumer Research, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(3), pages 399-417, December.
    8. Kahneman, Daniel & Knetsch, Jack L & Thaler, Richard, 1986. "Fairness as a Constraint on Profit Seeking: Entitlements in the Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 728-741, September.
    9. Bradley J. Ruffle, 2000. "Some factors affecting demand withholding in posted-offer markets," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 16(3), pages 529-544.
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