Gender Roles and Human Capital Investment: The Relationship between Traditional Attitudes and Female Labour Market Performance
This paper investigates the relationship between the labor market behavior of females and their attitudes towards traditional gender roles. An attitudes index is constructed by employing individuals' responses to statements related to the role of women and examined to determine whether it is correlated with individual characteristics. The paper examines whether these attitudes influence human capital attainment and whether they are weakly exogenous to educational attainment. It also focuses on the impact of these traditional attitudes upon labor supply and the return to education. The results are dramatic. It is found that females' attitudes towards working women are developed in their youth and result in substantial reductions in their human capital investment, labor supply and rates of return to education. Furthermore, it is found that these attitudes are determined outside the educational process. Copyright 1994 by The London School of Economics and Political Science.
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Volume (Year): 61 (1994)
Issue (Month): 242 (May)
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