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An Evaluation of Unemployment Policy in Australia Using the Range of Equilibria

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  • Jenny N. Lye
  • Ian M. McDonald

Abstract

The major failures of macroeconomic policy in the last 40 years are the huge increases in unemployment and inflation in the 1970s and the persistence for 25 years of the former. This article uses econometric estimates of a model of the range of equilibria for Australia for the period 1965:4 to 2003:3 to evaluate the role of macroeconomic policies in these failures. Our analysis distinguishes the roles of aggregate supply policies and aggregate demand policies. We conclude from our analysis that macroeconomic outcomes would have been better over this period had monetary policy been guided by a hierarchical inflation target, which is to be set so as to achieve the highest level of activity subject to satisfying the inflation target. Copyright 2006 The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research.

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  • Jenny N. Lye & Ian M. McDonald, 2006. "An Evaluation of Unemployment Policy in Australia Using the Range of Equilibria," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 39(3), pages 239-256, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ausecr:v:39:y:2006:i:3:p:239-256
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