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The Effects of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Group Intervention on Self Esteem among Drug Users Based On Age

Author

Listed:
  • Huzili Hussin

    (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)

  • Nur Salimah Binti Alias

    (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)

  • Mohamad Hashim Othman

    (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects between Standard Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy interventions [CBT(S)] and Brief Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy [CBT (B)] categorized by age on self esteem (EK) mean score among drug users. The quasi experimental design with two treatment groups [CBT(S) & CBT (B)] and one control group (KW) and four measurements (Pre Test, Post 1, Post 2 and Post 3) were employed in this study. The sample of 108 drugs users was chosen using purposive sampling procedure. Sample were then divided into three age categories; (a) 19 to 29 years old (n=34); (b) 30 to 39 years old (n=43); and (c) 40 to 60 years old (n=31). Data were collected using standardized psychometric instruments, including Internal Control Index (Patricia Duttweiler, 1984) and The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis (mean, mean percentage and Standard Deviation) to see the differences on EK mean score between the three age categories. Result of the analysis demonstrated the intervention of group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) on treatment group CBT(S) and CBT (B) are succeed in increasing EK mean score compared to KW group in different time interval for all categories. Result also showed EK mean score for treatment group CBT(S) increase higher compared to treatment group CBT (B). The effectiveness of CBT intervention to both group CBT(S) and CBT (B) for all categories are also demonstrated by the increased of EK mean score changing pattern at post test 1 compared to pre test, increase at post test 2 compared to post test 1 and increase at post test 3 compared to post test 2. As a conclusion, finding shows the intervention of group CBT(S) and CBT (B) could increase mean score of self esteem among of drug users based on age.

Suggested Citation

  • Huzili Hussin & Nur Salimah Binti Alias & Mohamad Hashim Othman, 2014. "The Effects of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Group Intervention on Self Esteem among Drug Users Based On Age," Journal of Asian Scientific Research, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(11), pages 618-630, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:asi:joasrj:2014:p:618-630
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