IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Effects of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Group Intervention on Self Esteem among Drug Users Based On Age


  • Huzili Hussin

    (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)

  • Nur Salimah Binti Alias

    (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)

  • Mohamad Hashim Othman

    (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)


The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects between Standard Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy interventions [CBT(S)] and Brief Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy [CBT (B)] categorized by age on self esteem (EK) mean score among drug users. The quasi experimental design with two treatment groups [CBT(S) & CBT (B)] and one control group (KW) and four measurements (Pre Test, Post 1, Post 2 and Post 3) were employed in this study. The sample of 108 drugs users was chosen using purposive sampling procedure. Sample were then divided into three age categories; (a) 19 to 29 years old (n=34); (b) 30 to 39 years old (n=43); and (c) 40 to 60 years old (n=31). Data were collected using standardized psychometric instruments, including Internal Control Index (Patricia Duttweiler, 1984) and The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis (mean, mean percentage and Standard Deviation) to see the differences on EK mean score between the three age categories. Result of the analysis demonstrated the intervention of group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) on treatment group CBT(S) and CBT (B) are succeed in increasing EK mean score compared to KW group in different time interval for all categories. Result also showed EK mean score for treatment group CBT(S) increase higher compared to treatment group CBT (B). The effectiveness of CBT intervention to both group CBT(S) and CBT (B) for all categories are also demonstrated by the increased of EK mean score changing pattern at post test 1 compared to pre test, increase at post test 2 compared to post test 1 and increase at post test 3 compared to post test 2. As a conclusion, finding shows the intervention of group CBT(S) and CBT (B) could increase mean score of self esteem among of drug users based on age.

Suggested Citation

  • Huzili Hussin & Nur Salimah Binti Alias & Mohamad Hashim Othman, 2014. "The Effects of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Group Intervention on Self Esteem among Drug Users Based On Age," Journal of Asian Scientific Research, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(11), pages 618-630, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:asi:joasrj:2014:p:618-630

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:asi:joasrj:2014:p:618-630. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Qazi Muhammad Imran). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.